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Bibliography: A - I
Bibliography: J - R
Bibliography: S - Z
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Bibliography of Literature and Research on the Genus Sialia

Prepared by Leon R. Latimer, State University of New York at Cobleskill;  Nancy E. Niles, State University of New York at Cobleskill and Theodore W. Gutzke, USFWS, Medicine Lake NWR, Medicine Lake, MT (5/99)

Page 1: A thru I
Page 2: J thru R
Page 3: S thru Z

JACKSON, J. A. 1977. A device for capturing tree cavity roosting birds. North American Bird Bander 2:14-15.

_____. 1978. Competition for cavities and red-cockaded woodpecker management. Pages 103-112 in S.A.Temple, editor. Endangered birds: Management techniques for preserving threatened species. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

_____. 1985. On the control of parasites in nest boxes and the use of pesticides near birds. Sialia 7:17-25.

_____. 1985. On the role of arthropods in bird nests and the need for parasite control in bird nest boxes. Sialia 7:98-99.

JACO, B. D., AND D. C. HULSE. 1963. Insecticides as a factor in bluebird nesting success. Alabama Birdlife 11:43-44.

JAMES, D. 1962. Winter 1961-62: dominated by movements of boreal birds and marked by still low numbers of eastern bluebirds. Audubon Field Notes 16:306-311.

JANSSEN, R. B. 1990. Minnesota's first mountain bluebird nest. Loon 62:160-161.

JEWETT, S. G. 1930. A cross-billed bluebird. Murrelet 11:74.

JOHNSON, C. W. 1932. Notes on Protocalliphora during the summer of 1931. Bird-Banding 3:26-29.

JOHNSON, D. H. 1983. Eastern bluebirds: a 1982 nesting survey in eastern Becker and southern Hubbard Counties, Minnesota. Loon 55:17-22.

_____. 1983. Eastern bluebirds raise three broods in Hubbard County. Loon 55:180-181.

JOHNSON, L. S. 1996. Removal of old nest material from the nesting sites of house wrens: effects on nest site attractiveness and ectoparasite loads. Journal of Field Ornithology 67:212-221.

_____, AND L. H. KERMOTT. 1994. Nesting success of cavity-nesting birds using natural tree cavities. Journal of Field Ornithology 65:36-51.

JOHNSON, N. E. 1993. Bring in the bluebirds: you and mother nature can turn a dead tree into an attractive house. Mother Earth News 138:72-73.

JOHNSTON, D. W. 1949. Populations and distribution of summer birds in Latah County, Idaho. Condor 51:140-149.

JOHNSTONE, W. B. 1949. An annotated list of the birds of the East Kootenay, British Columbia. British Columbia Provencial Museum, Occasional Paper 7.

JONES, A. 1990. Bluebirds of happiness, species profile: eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis). WildBird 4:67-71.

JUNG, P. D. 1979. To band or not to band--there is no question! Sialia 1:109-111.


KAPRIELIAN, M., E. S. DIERENFELD, AND D. PIEKARZ. 1996. Monitoring food intake in a mixed species exhibit. Avicultural Magazine 102:152-158.

KARLIN, A. A., K. G. SMITH, M. C. STEPHENS, AND R. A. BARNHILL. 1990. Additional evidence of multiple parentage in eastern bluebirds. Condor 92:520-521.

KAST, T. L., AND P. E. ALLEN. 1998. Nest box network efforts pay off. Birdscope 12:4-5.

KAUFMAN, K. 1992. The practiced eye: bluebirds. American Birds 46:159-162.

KEDDIE, J. 1986. Bluebird Trail-1985. Thunder Bay Field Naturalists' Newsletter 40:20-21.

KELLY, M. 1968. Birdhouses for bluebirds and other desirable species. Conservationist 22:47-48.

KEMPENAERS, B., R. B. LANCTOT, AND R. J. ROBERTSON. 1998. Certainty of paternity and paternal investment in eastern bluebirds and tree swallows. Animal Behaviour 55:845-860.

KENAGA, E. E. 1961. Some insect parasites associated with the eastern bluebird in Michigan. Bird-Banding 32:91-94.

KENDALL, J. B. 1941. Observations of the nesting habits of the bluebird. Passenger Pigeon 3:63-65.

KENDEIGH, S. C. 1952. Parental care and its evolution in birds. Illinois Biological Monograph 22.

KENITZ, A. 1991. Some nest box observations. Nebraska Bird Review 59:49-50.

KENNARD, J. H. 1975. Longevity records of North American birds. Bird-Banding 46:55-73.

KERLINGER, P., AND C. DOREMUS. 1981. Habitat disturbance and the decline of dominant avian species in pine barrens of the northeastern USA. American Birds 35:16-20.

KERMOTT, H., R. FIELDS, AND A. TROUT. 1974. Mountain bluebird nesting in North Dakota. Wilson Bulletin 86:83-84.

KIBLER, L. F. 1968. A radio-controlled trap for bluebirds and other hole-nesting birds. EBBA News 31:167-173.

_____. 1968. Collyriclum faba: a challenge to banders. EBBA News 31:257-262.

_____. 1968. Occurrence of the trematode Collyriclum faba in the eastern bluebird in western New York. Bulletin of the Wildlife Disease Association 4:100.

_____. 1969. The establishment and maintenance of a bluebird nestbox project -- a review and commentary. Bird-Banding 40:114-129.

KILHAM, L. 1975. Association of red-breasted nuthatches with chickadees in hemlock cone year. Auk 92:160-162.

KING, L. 1998. The few, the proud, the bluebirds. (US government research on the effects of toxins on bird species). Audubon 100:24.

KINGSTON, R. 1991. Ron Kingston's snake/predator guard. Sialia 13:56-57.

KITCHIN, E. A. 1949. Birds of the Olympic Peninsula. Olympic Stationers, Port Angles, Washington, USA.

KIVIAT, E. 1982. Eastern bluebird remote natural nest sites. Kingbird 32:6-8.

KLEEN, V. M. 1979. The spring migration, March 1-May 31, 1979, middlewestern prairie region. American Birds 33:775-778.

KLIMKIEWICZ, M. K., R. B. CLAPP, AND A. G. FUTCHER. 1983. Longevity records of North American birds: Remizidae through Parulinae. Journal of Field Ornithology 54:287-294.

KNIGHT, O. W. 1908. The birds of Maine. C. H. Glass and Company, Bangor, Maine, USA.

KNOWLTON, G. G. AND F. C. HARMSTON. 1946. Insect food of the mountain bluebird. Economic Entomology 39:384.

KOENIG, W. D., AND J. L. DICKINSON. 1996. Nestling sex-ratio variation in western bluebirds. Auk 113:902-910.

KOONZ, W. H. 1993. Mountain bluebird nests in clothes dryer vent. Blue Jay 61:211-212.

KRIDLER, K. 1988. Are PVC nestboxes sparrow resistant? Sialia 10:3.

_____. 1990. Starlings find Peterson box no challenge in Kridler test. Bluebird News 3:1-2.

KRIEG, D. C. 1964. Bluebird nest box project. Kingbird 14:26-27.

_____. 1965. A preliminary report on the breeding season of Sialia sialis and Iridoprocne bicolor. Thesis, St. Bonaventure University, St. Bonaventure, New York, USA.

_____. 1971. The behavioral patterns of the eastern bluebird. New York State Museum and Science Service Bulletin No. 415.

KRISTENSEN, J., T. J. KRISTENSEN, K. J. KRISTENSEN, AND S. L. KRISTENSEN. 1997. Nest box use: by tree swallows, house wrens and mountain bluebirds. Alberta Naturalist 27:76-79.

KRUEGER, H. 1985. Removing trapped house sparrows from top-opening nesting boxes using a net. Sialia 7:59-62.

_____. 1988. A carbaryl pesticide suspected in death of nestling eastern bluebird. Sialia 10:93.

_____. 1989. Bluebird hatched and raised by chickadee. North American Bird Bander 14:101-102.

_____. 1990. Apparent polygynous behavior of an eastern bluebird. Sialia 12:43-45.

_____. 1991. Harry Krueger's snake trap. Sialia 13:63-67.

_____. 1991. Verified fourth nesting by pair of eastern bluebirds. Sialia 13:91-92.

KRUG, H. H. 1941. Bluebird banding at Chesley, Ontario. Bird-Banding 12:23-26.

KRUGER, S. M. 1985. Productivity and nest-site selection of eastern bluebirds in Wisconsin. Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wisconsin, USA.

_____. 1985. Pesticide use in nest boxes: another viewpoint. Sialia 7:97-98.


LA FOND, K. J. 1978. Mountain bluebird in Anoka county. Loon 10:49-50.

LANCIA, R. A., AND D. A. ADAMS. 1985. A test of habitat suitability index models for five bird species. Proceedings of the Annual Conference Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 39:412-419.

LANE, J. 1968. A hybrid eastern bluebird x mountain bluebird. Auk 85:684.

_____. 1968. Hybridism in the eastern and mountain bluebirds. Blue Jay 27:18-21.

_____. 1971. Enemies and other perils of the mountain bluebird in southwestern Manitoba. Blue Jay 29:23-25.

_____. 1973. A nestline drama. Blue Jay 31:168.

_____, M. MCCOWAN, AND R. H. PATMORE. 1978. Seventeenth annual nestbox report from Brandon, Manitoba. Blue Jay 36:42-43.

LANE, J. (MRS.), M. MCCOWAN, AND R. H. PATMORE. 1979. Eighteenth annual nestbox report from Brandon, Manitoba. Blue Jay 37:48-50.

_____, _____, B. ROBINSON, H. PATMORE, AND L. MUZYKA. 1980. Nineteenth annual nestbox report from Brandon, Manitoba. Blue Jay 38:38-40.

_____, _____, _____, _____, AND A. SMITH. 1983. Twenty-second annual nest box report from Brandon, Manitoba. Blue Jay 41:39-41.

_____, B. ROBINSON, H. PATMORE, M. MCCOWAN, AND B. SHANKLAND. 1981. Twentieth annual nestbox report from Brandon, Manitoba. Blue Jay 39:44-46.

LASKEY, A. R. 1938. The third year of the bluebird project. Migrant 9:84,87.

_____. 1939. More about the bluebird nest-box project. Migrant 10:73.

_____. 1939. A study of nesting eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 10:23-32.

_____. 1940. The 1939 nesting season of bluebirds at Nashville, Tennessee. Wilson Bulletin 52:183-190.

_____. 1942. Nesting observations for 1942 a la bird-banding. Migrant 13:36-38.

_____. 1943. The nesting of bluebirds banded as nestlings. Wilson Bulletin 14:39-43.

_____. 1946. Snake predation at bird nests. Wilson Bulletin 58:217-218.

_____. 1947. Evidence of polyandry at a bluebird nest. Auk 64:314-315.

_____. 1951. Effect of the 1951 ice storm on bluebird nesting Migrant 22:42.

_____. 1955. Tennessee bluebird recovered in Alabama. Alabama Birdlife 3:6.

_____. 1958. Bluebirds suffer from severe February weather. Inland Bird Banding News 30:57.

_____. 1971. Bluebirds successfully nesting in house under construction. Wilson Bulletin 83:440-441.

_____, AND M. F. HERBERT. 1969. Eastern bluebird nesting in 1969 at Ashland City. Migrant 40:81-82.

LATHAM, R. 1971. The eastern bluebird on eastern Long Island. Engelhardtia. 4:45.

LAURO, A.J. 1978. Regional Reports, region 10-marine. Kingbird 28:60-64.

LAWSON, J C. 1991. A study of bluebird organizations and their accomplishments. Sialia 13: 123-127.

LEBER, J. 1994. Helping mountain bluebirds in Strawberry Valley. Utah Birds 10:1-6.

LAYTON, R. 1989. Where are the bluebirds at Christmas time? Sialia 11:130-132.

LEBERMAN, R. C. 1961. Nesting boxes and bluebirds. EBBA News 24:50-51.

LEE, N. 1972. Bird boxes helped bluebird spread toward the east. Blue Jay 30:254-255.

LEHMANN, D. M. 1997. Controlled tests to determine if European starlings can pass through various hole sizes. Sialia 19:125-131.

LEMON, W. 1989. Bluebirds returning to northwestern Kansas. Sialia 11:95.

LEONARD, M. L., J. L. DICKINSON, A. G. HORN, AND W. KOENIG. 1995. An experimental test of offspring recognition in western bluebirds. Auk 112:1062-1064.

LEONARD, M. L., K. L. TEATHER, A. G. HORN, AND W. D. KOENIG. 1994. Provisioning in western bluebirds is not related to offspring sex. Behavioral Ecology 5:455-459.

LESCHKE, H. J. 1994. Bluebirds in my backyard. Illinois Audubon 249:17-18.

LEVALLEY, R., AND K. V. ROSENBERG. 1983. The winter season: middle pacific coast region. American Birds 38:352-356.

LEVY, S. H. 1950. Summer birds in southern Idaho. Murrelet 31:2-8.

LI, P., AND T. E. MARTIN. 1991. Nest-site selection and nesting success of cavity-nesting birds in high elevation forest drainages. Auk 108:405-418.

LIGON, J. D. 1969. Factors influencing breeding range expansion of the azure bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 81:104-105.

LINE, L., editor. 1987. If you can decoy a duck, why not...? Audubon 89:18.

LINSDALE, J. M. 1938. Environmental responses of vertebrates in the Great Basin. American Midland Naturalist 19:1-206.

LITTLE, T. 1993. Bluebird migration times. North American Bird Bander 18:118.

LIVINGSTON, J. R. 1985. Mountain bluebird in Decatur County. Iowa Bird Life 55:19-20.

LOEB, S. C., AND R. G. HOOPER. 1997. An experimental test of interspecific competition for red-cockaded woodpecker cavities. Journal of Wildlife Management 61:1268-1280.

LOK, C. M., AND J. A. J. VANK. 1986. Birds at Cambridge Bay, Victoria Island, Northwest Territories, in 1983. Canadian Field-Naturalist 100:315-318.

LOMBARDO, M. P. 1982. Sex ratios in the eastern bluebird. Evolution 36:615-617.

LOW, S. H. 1933. Notes on the nesting of bluebirds. Bird-Banding 4:109-111.

_____. 1934. Bluebird studies at Cape Cod. Bird-Banding 5:39-41.

LOWE, P.O. 1975. Potential wildlife benefits on fire in ponderosa pine forests. Thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA.

LUMLEY, E. 1934. The song of the mountain bluebird. Murrelet 15:49-50.

LUMSDEN, H. G. 1986. Choice of nest boxes by tree swallows, Tachycineta bicolor, house wrens, Troglodytes aedon, eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis, and European starlings, Sturnus vulgaris. Canadian Field-Naturalist 100:343-349.

_____. 1989. Test of nest box preferences of eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis, and tree swallows, Tachycineta bicolor. Canadian Field-Naturalist 103:595-597.

LUNSTEAD, J. 1998. Flashes of blue. Missouri Conservationist 59:10-14.


MACBETH, D. 1993. Bluebird nest box seasonal conversion. Sialia 15:91-92

MACDOUGALL, E. A. 1995. Mate guarding, paternity and male parental care in eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Thesis, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

MACDOUGALL-SHACKLETON, E. A., R. J. ROBERTSON, AND P. T. BOAG. 1996. Temporary male removal increases extra-pair paternity in eastern bluebirds. Animal Behavior 52:1177-1183.

_____, AND _____. 1998. Confidence of paternity and paternal care by eastern bluebirds. Behavioral Ecology 9:201-205.

MACKINTOSH, D. J. 1994. Mountain bluebird trails conservation group. 1993. Fourteenth annual report. Alberta Naturalist 24:28.

MACNEIL, K. E. 1991. Bluebird box fledges robin. Sialia 13:76.

MCCAHA, H., AND M. D. BAY. 1998. An unusual cavity nest for the eastern bluebird in Oklahoma. Sialia 20:15-16

MCCAMISH, J. 1984. Late nesting of eastern bluebirds in Mississippi. Mississippi Kite 14:11.

MCCARTHY, J. P. 1993. The effect of predation by insectivorous birds on populations and communities of insects: a possible role for birds in pest management? Sialia 15:123-125.

MCCLELLAND, B. R. 1977. Relationship between hole-nesting birds, forest snags and decay in western larch-Douglas-fir forests of the northern Rocky Mountains. Dissertation, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, USA.

_____, AND S. S. FRISSEL. 1975. Identifying forests useful for hole-nesting birds. Journal of Forestry 73:414-417.

_____, _____, W. C. FISCHER, AND C. H. HALVORSON. 1977. Habitat management for hole-nesting birds in forests of western larch and Douglas-fir. Journal of Forestry 77:480-483.

MCCLUSKEY, D. C. 1979. Mountain bluebirds in northeast Oregon. Sialia 1:57-58.

_____, J. W. THOMAS, AND E. C. MESLOW. 1977. Effects of aerial application of DDT on reproduction in house wrens and mountain and western bluebirds. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-228.

MCCOMB, W. C., W. H. DAVIS, AND P. N. ALLAIRE. 1987. Excluding starlings from a slot-entrance bluebird nest box. Wildlife Society Bulletin 15:204-207.

MCCURDY, K., G. STILLMAN AND G. STILLMAN. 1995. Bluebird trails at Fort Sill, Oklahoma military installation. Sialia 17:143-145.

MCGRATH, J. E. 1987. Some notes on the removal of house sparrow nests in the vicinity of eastern bluebird nests. Jack-Pine Warbler 65:40.

MCLAREN, W. D. 1963. A preliminary study of nest-site competition in a group of hole-nesting birds. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

MCNAIR, D. B., AND B. DUYCK. 1991. Interspecific feeding among some oscines. Chat 55:9-11.

MUCCULLOGH, J. 1992. Experiences with tree swallows in a backyard setting. Sialia 14:95-96.

MARSHALL, J. T., JR. 1963. Fire and birds in the mountains of southern Arizona. Proceedings of the Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference 2:135-142.

MARTIN, A. C., H. S. ZIM, AND A. L. NELSON. 1951. American wildlife and plants: a guide to wildlife food habits. McGraw-Hill Book, New York, New York, USA.

MARTIN, C. 1993. Bluebird unit in Maine school benefits students, the community, and bluebirds. Sialia 15:149-150.

MARTIN, C. R. 1996. Project bluebird. Science Scope 19:12.

MARTIN, M. E. AND W. L. HALL. 1951. American wildlife and plants. McGraw-Hill, New York, New York, USA.

MARTIN, R. P. 1966. Effects of the herbicide 2,4,5,-T on breeding bird populations. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 46:235-237.

MASER, C. AND J. S. GASHWILER. 1977. Interrelationships of wildlife and western juniper. In Western Juniper Ecology and Management Workshop, USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PBW-74.

MASON, E. A. 1944. Parasitism by Protocalliphora and management of cavity-nesting birds. Journal of Wildlife Management 8:232-237.

MAUNZ, H. P., AND A. S. MORRIS. 1979. Utilization of nest boxes by eastern bluebirds in Lincoln Paris, Louisiana. Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Science 42:82-83.

MEARNS, E. A. 1890. Observations on the avifauna of portions of Arizona. Auk 7:45-55.

MEDIN, D. E. 1984. Breeding birds of an ancient bristlecone pine (Pinus longavo) stand in East Central Nevada, USA. Great Basin Naturalist 44:272-276.

MEEK, S. B. 1993. Parental investment and the maintenance of monogamy in eastern bluebirds Sialia sialis. Dissertation, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

_____, AND R. J. ROBERTSON. 1991. Adoption of young by replacement male birds: an experimental study of eastern bluebirds and a review. Animal Behaviour 42:813-20.

_____, AND _____. 1992. How do floater male eastern bluebirds benefit by filling vacancies on territories where females already have young? Behavioral Ecology 3:95-101.

_____, AND _____. 1994. Effects of male removal on the behavior and reproductive success of female eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Ibis 136:305-312.

_____, AND _____. 1994. Interspecific competition for nestboxes affects mate guarding in eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Animal Behavior 47:295-302.

_____, AND _____. 1995. Time of day of egg laying by eastern bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 107:377-379.

_____, _____, AND P. T. BOAG. 1994. Extrapair paternity and intraspecific brood parasitism in eastern bluebirds revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Auk 111:739-744.

MEID, J. 1990. Mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides). Passenger Pigeon 52:289-290.

MERCER, B. 1905. Our pioneer tenants. Bird-Lore 7:174-176.

MERKLE, M. S., AND R. M. R. BARCLAY. 1996. Body mass variation in breeding mountain bluebirds (Sialia currucoides): evidence of stress or adaptation for flight? Journal of Animal Ecology 65:401-413.

MERRILL, J. C. 1898. Notes on the birds of Fort Sherman, Idaho. Auk 15:14-22.

MESLOW, E. C. 1978. The relationship of birds to habitat structure-plant communities and successional state. In Workshop on Nongame Bird Habitat Management in the Coniferous Forests of the Western United States. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-64.

_____, AND H. M. WIGTH. 1975. Avifauna and succession in Douglas-fir forests of the Pacific Northwest. In Symposium on Management of Forest and Range Habitats for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-1.

MIGHTON, S. R. 1982. Observations of 38 small nest boxes in northcentral Colorado. Colorado Field Ornithology Journal 16:37-39.

MILLARD, S. 1994. Hybrid bluebird in Todd County. Loon 66:149-150.

MILLER, A. H. 1935. Some breeding birds of the Pine Forest Mountains, Nevada. Auk 52:467-468.

MILLER, W. 1968. Predation of bluebirds by an eastern chipmunk. Blue Jay 26:145.

_____. 1970. Factors influencing the status of eastern and mountain bluebirds in southwestern Manitoba. Blue Jay 28:38-46.

MILLS, E. A. 1931. Bird memories of the Rockies. Riverside Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

MINYARD, H., T. BRAY, B. L. WILSON, AND J. MINYARD. 1985. Hybrid bluebirds in the Pine Ridge. Nebraska Bird Review 53:67.

MOCK, P. J. 1990. Energetics of growth and reproduction of the western bluebird, Sialia mexicana. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

_____. 1991. Daily allocation of time and energy of western bluebirds feeding nestlings. Condor 93:598-611.

_____, M. KHUBESRIAN, AND D. M. LARCHEVEQUE. 1991. Energetics of growth and maturation in sympatric passerines that fledge at different ages. Auk 108:34-41.

MONK, D. S., AND W. R. KOENIG. 1997. Individual, brood, and sex variation in begging calls of western bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 109:328-332.

MONTGOMERY, E. C., AND D. TALLMAN. 1979. Fall migrating mountain bluebird near Aberdeen. South Dakota Bird Notes 31:65-66.

MOORE, R. T. 1939. New races of the genera Sialia and Carpodacus from Mexico. Proceeding of the Biological Society of Washington 52:125:130.

MORCK, K. 1982. Mountain bluebird amputee. Blue Jay 40:52.

MORDOVANCEY, J. 1982. Bring back our state bird. Conservationist 36(5):7-10.

MORRIS, L. 1979. Mountain bluebirds (and others) near Hordsville. Nebraska Bird Review 47:18.

MORRISON, M. D. 1977. 1976 Eastern bluebird nesting report. Illinois Audubon Bulletin 179:30.

MORTON, E. S., M. S. GEITGEY, AND S. MCGRATH. 1978. On bluebird responses to apparent female adultery. American Naturalist 112:968-971.

MULVIHILL, R. S. 1987. Runt eggs: a discovery, a synopsis and a proposal for future study. North American Bird Bander 12:94-96.

MUNRO, H. L. 1981. An analysis of use of nest boxes by mountain bluebirds in southwestern Manitoba. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

_____, D. H. MUNRO AND R. C. ROUNDS. 1981. Fertility of albinistic eggs of mountain bluebirds. Auk 98:181-182.

 _____, _____, AND _____. 1985. Selection of artificial nest sites by five sympatric passerines. Journal of Wildlife Management 49:264-276.

MUNRO, J. A. 1935. Bird life at Horse Lake, British Columbia. Condor 37:185-193.

MURIE, O. J. 1934. Unusual mountain bluebird nests. Condor 36:164-165.

MURPHY, F. 1968. Chickadees hatch and raise a bluebird. Migrant 39:11-12.

MURRAY, W., JR. 1993. Bluebird population on the rebound in Mississippi. Sialia 15:71.

MUSSELMAN, T. E. 1934. Help the bluebirds. Bird-Lore 36:9-13.

_____. 1935. Three years of eastern bluebird banding and study. Bird-Banding 6:117-125.

_____. 1939. The effects of cold snaps upon the nesting of the eastern bluebird. Bird-Banding 10:33-35.

_____. 1941. Bluebird mortality in 1940. Auk 58:409-410.

_____. 1942. A probable case of parasitism in the starling. Auk 59:589-590.

_____. 1946. Some interesting nest habits of the eastern bluebird. Bird-Banding 17:60-63.

MYERS, H. W. 1912. Nest habits of the western bluebird. Condor 12:221-222.


NABER, J., AND C. NABER. 1990. Male bluebird cares for swallows. Sialia 12:67.

NALISNIK, G., AND V. NALISNIK. 1992. Bluebird feeder experiment. Sialia 14:151.

NASH, F. P. 1942. Attempt to increase number of eggs in clutch of bluebird. Bird-Banding 13:121.

NAVRATIL, F. R. 1996. Success in Chicago's western suburbs. Sialia 18:137-138.

_____. 1998. Floyd Kudla's success with hanging nest boxes on urban trails. Sialia 20:62.

_____. 1998. Navratil's bluebird buoy bird box. Sialia 20:94-99.

NEECE, Z. 1990. Bluebird nest box infested with northern fowl mite. Sialia 12:4-5.

NEEL, C. 1965. Bluebirds in Warren County, Pennsylvania. EBBA News 28:68-70.

NEWFORTH, P. 1986. Eastern bluebirds raise brood in barn swallow nest. Sialia 8:43-44.

NEWHOUSE, V. F. 1960. Birds of selected irrigated river valleys of west central Idaho. Murrelet 41:1-6.

NICE, M. M. 1930. Do birds usually change mates for the second brood? Bird-Banding 1:70-72.

_____. 1958. The bluebird in Bermuda. Ibis 100:127-128.

NICHOLS, E. B. 1994. The summer of the bluebird. Sialia 16:63-67.

NIEMI, G. J., AND L. P. JANNMULLER. 1979. Avian communities: approaches to describing their habitat associations. In Management of North Central and Northeastern Forests for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-51.

NOEL, J. 1991. Jim Noel's cat and coon guard. Sialia 13:58-59.

NOLAN, J. R. 1954. Bluebirds lured to ground traps. Bird-Banding 25:112.

NORRIS, R. A. 1958. Some effects of x-irradiation on the breeding biology of eastern bluebirds. Auk 75:444-445.

NOSEK, J. A., J. R. SULLIVAN, S. R. CRAVEN, A. GENDRON-FITZPATRICK, AND R. E. PETERSON. 1993. Embryotoxicity of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in the ring-necked pheasant. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12:1215-1222.


O'HALLORAN, J. 1996. Impact of trail size on the 1994 per-box bird productivity in the East Wisconsin Zone. Sialia 18:100-101.

_____. 1997. BRAW's 1996 season box-pairing update. Wisconsin Bluebird 12(1):1-3.

OAKLEY, M. 1996. Two female eastern bluebirds with one male fledge eight. Sialia. 18:49-50.

OBERHOLSER, H. C. 1917. Description of a new Sialia from Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 30:27-28.

_____. 1938. The bird life of Louisiana. Louisiana Department of Conservation Bulletin 28.

OBERMAN, L. 1996. A decade of bluebirds at Avenel. Audubon Naturalist News 22:10

OHIO AUDUBON COUNCIL. 1990. Wings of blue: 1989 bluebird directory. Ohio Audubon Council, Painesville, Ohio, USA.

OLIN, W. C. 1943. Mountain bluebird in Minnesota. Auk 60:603-604.

OLORENSHAW, E. 1996. AGT feather care "boxes" popular with tree swallows. Alberta Naturalist 26:9.

OLSON, R. A., D. L. MEEKER, AND C. J. HENNY. 1977. Residues in common flicker and mountain bluebird eggs one year after a DDT application. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 18:115-122.

ORING, L. 1962. Observations on the birds of southeastern Idaho. Murrelet 43:40-50.

ORR, R. T. 1942. A study of the birds of the Big Basin region of California. American Midland Naturalist 27:273-337.

ORTHWEIN, B. 1998. Double nesting by bluebirds at paired and triple box sites. Sialia 20:53-54.

OTELLO, D. B. 1982. Habitat structure around nests of eastern bluebirds. Thesis, University of Massachusetts, Amhurst, Massachusetts, USA.

_____. 1982. In search of nesting eastern bluebirds. Maryland Birdlife 38:39-43.

_____, AND J. T. FINN. 1982. Habitat structure around nests of eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Transactions of the Northeast Section of The Wildlife Society 39:112.

OWENS, G. C. 1984. Nest site partitioning of secondary hole nesting birds in oak woodland. Thesis, California State University, Los Angeles, California, USA.


PACEJKA, A. J., AND C. F. THOMPSON. 1996. Does removal of old nests from nestboxes by researchers affect mite populations in subsequent nests of house wrens? Journal of Field Ornithology 67:558-564.

PAINTER, R. H. 1950. Cowbirds vs. bluebird. Blue Bird 17:1-2.

PALAHNIUK, D. P., AND E. BAKKO. 1994. Nesting activity and brooding and feeding patterns on a box-paired bluebird trail. Journal of the Minnesota Academy of Sciences 58:11.

_____, AND _____. 1995. Nesting activity on a box-paired trail. Sialia 17:3-6.

PALMER, R. S. 1949. Maine birds. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 102, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.

PALMER-BALL, B., JR., R. CASSELL, AND D. EBEL. 1986. First record of the mountain bluebird in Kentucky. Kentucky Warbler 62:21-22.

PARKER, R. L., AND I. D. Parker. 1950. Notes on behavior of birds on a cold winter day. Auk 67:108.

PARREN, S. G. 1989. Nest box use by eastern bluebirds and their competitors in Vermont. Sialia 11:83-87.

_____. 1991. Evaluation of nest-box sites selected by eastern bluebirds, tree swallows, and house wrens. Wildlife Society Bulletin 19:270-277.

_____. 1992. Evaluation of nest box sites selected by eastern bluebirds, tree swallows, and house wrens. Sialia 14:85-91.

_____. 1994. Orientation and spacing of nesting boxes used by eastern bluebirds and tree swallows. Sialia 16:127-129.

PARRISH, J. R., AND K. L. ELLIS. 1988. A case of leucism in the western bluebird (Sialia mexicana). Great Basin Naturalist 48:75-77.

PARTIN, L. 1958. Oil burners and bluebirds. Audubon Magazine 60:82-84.

PATTERSON, M. 1993. Mountain bluebird in Story County. Iowa Bird Life. 63:102.

PATTERSON, R. M. 1979. Experimental nesting box program: sparrow competition thwarted? Sialia 1:36-39.

_____. 1979. Winter banding and roosting boxes: a key for increasing migration data? Sialia 1:170-176.

_____. 1980. More on nesting box temperatures. Sialia 2:15-18.

_____. 1981. Protecting nesting boxes from climbing predators. Sialia 3:133-135.

_____. 1988. Protecting nesting boxes from climbing predators. Sialia (Tenth Anniversary):15-16.

PATTERSON, S. 1967. Study of bluebirds nesting in central Iowa -- 1965. Iowa Bird Life 37:36-40.

_____. 1969. Nesting box utilization by the eastern bluebird and house wren -- 1968. Iowa Bird Life 39:55-58.

PAXTON, R. O., W. J. BOYLE JR., AND D. A. CUTLER. 1983. The autumn migration, August 1 - November 30, 1982, Hudson-Delaware region. American Birds 37:160-164.

_____, P. A. BUCKLEY, AND D. A. CUTLER. 1978. The spring migration, March 1 - May 31, 1978, Hudson-Delaware region. American Birds 32:983-987.

PEAKALL, D. B. 1970. The eastern bluebird: its breeding season, clutch size, and nesting success. Living Bird 9:239-256.

PEARMAN, M. 1986. Project nest box Alberta and environmental education. Sialia 8:147-150.

_____. 1991. Avian predation of bluebird nestlings. Sialia 13:89-90.

PEARSON, T. G. 1905. A bluebird and his mates. Bird-Lore 7:210.

PEDERSON, R. J., A. W. ADAMS, AND L. D. BRYANT. 1975. Observations on birds of the blue Mountains. Murrelet 56:7-10.

PENCE, D. B. 1972. The genus Oxyspirura (Nematoda: Theloziidae) from birds in Louisiana. Proceedings of the Helmithological Society of Washington 39:23-28.

_____. 1973. The nasal mites of birds from Louisiana: VII: additional records and description of a new species (Acarina: Dermanyssidae, Ereynetidae, Epidermoptidae, and Cytoditidae). Journal of Parasitology 59:874-880.

_____. 1973. The nasal mites of birds from Louisiana: IX: synopsis. Journal of Parasitology 59:881-892.

PETERJOHN. B. G. 1982. The spring migration, March 1 - May 31, 1982, middlewestern prairie region. American Birds 36:857-861.

_____. 1983. The winter season, December 1, 1982 - February 28, 1983, middlewestern prairie region. American Birds 37:306-309.

PETERS, H. S. 1936. A list of external parasites from birds of the eastern part of the United States. Bird-Banding.7:9-27.

PETERS, J. L., M. H. KESNER, A.V. LINZEY, AND M. J. BARRY. 1998. Causes of nesting failure in cavity-nesting birds at Yellow Creek State Park, Pennsylvania. Sialia 20:43-48.

PETERSON, B., AND G. GAUTHIER. 1985. Nest site use by cavity-nesting birds of the Caribou Parkland, British Columbia. Wilson Bulletin 97:319-331.

PETERSON, J. M. C. 1985. Region 7 - Adirondack-Champlain. Kingbird 35:61-64.

PETERSON, P. 1969. Summary of an eight year survey of bluebird nesting boxes in eastern Iowa. Iowa Bird Life 39:75-78.

PETERSON, R. P. 1987. A new bluebird nesting structure for highway rights-of-way. Wildlife Society Bulletin 15:200-204.

PETERSON, R. T. 1936. The bluebird. Bird-Lore 38:129-132.

PETTINGILL, O. S. 1936. Breeding behavior of bluebirds. Auk 53:86-87.

PHILLIPS, M. 1993. Helping nestling bluebirds overcome blowflies. Sialia 15:153.

PIERSON, T. A. 1977. Bluebird numbers in Virginia as determined from Christmas bird counts, 1945-1975. Raven 48:75-76.

_____. 1978. Utilization of natural nest sites by eastern bluebirds in southwestern Virginia. Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA.

_____, AND P. F. SCANLON. 1986. Use of fencepost cavities by nesting eastern bluebirds in southwestern Virginia. Wilson Bulletin 98:479-482.

PINEL, H. W. 1977. Calgary bluebird trail -- 1976. Blue Jay 35:43-44.

._____. 1980. Reproductive efficiency and site attachment of tree swallows and mountain bluebirds. Blue Jay 38:177-183.

_____, AND J. R. RIDDELL. 1978. Calgary bluebird trail -- 1977. Blue Jay 36:44

._____, AND _____. 1979. Calgary bluebird trail -- 1978. Blue Jay 37:51-52

PINKOWSKI, B. 1971. An analysis of banding recovery data on eastern bluebirds in Michigan and three neighboring states. Jack-Pine Warbler 49:33-50.

_____. 1971. Some observations on the vocalizations of the eastern bluebird. Bird-Banding 42:20-27.

_____. 1974. A comparative study of the behavioral and breeding ecology of the eastern bluebird. Dissertation, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

_____. 1974. The eastern bluebird pair bond: comments and calculations. EBBA News 37-107-110.

_____. 1974. Prolonged incubation record for an eastern bluebird. Inland Bird Banding News 46:15-19.

_____. 1974. Predation on a shrew by an eastern bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 86:83.

_____. 1974. Criteria for sexing eastern bluebirds in juvenile plumage. Inland Bird Banding News 46:88-91.

_____. 1974. Cowbird parasitism of a bluebird nest. Jack-Pine Warbler 52:45.

_____. 1974. A note on familial longevity in eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 45:363-364.

_____. 1975. A summary and key for determining causes of nesting failures in eastern bluebirds using nest boxes. Inland Bird Banding News 47:179-186.

_____. 1975. Yearling male eastern bluebird assists parents in feeding young. Auk 92:801-802.

_____. 1975. Growth and development of eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 46:273-289.

_____. 1976. Use of tree cavities by nesting eastern bluebirds. Journal of Wildlife Management 40:556-563.

_____. 1976. Separation of a dependent bluebird fledging from its parents and broodmates. EBBA News 39:8-9.

_____. 1976. Photoperiodic effects on the postjuvenal molt of the eastern bluebird. Ohio Journal of Science 76:268-273.

_____. 1976. Further observations on a family of eastern bluebirds. Bird-Banding 47:160-161.

_____. 1976. First Michigan record of the trematode Colluriclum faba on an eastern bluebird. Jack-Pine Warbler 54:41.

_____. 1976. Cedar waxwings and eastern bluebirds feeding on winter stoneflies. Wilson Bulletin 88:508-509.

_____. 1976. Behavior and breeding of the mountain bluebird in captivity. Avicultural Magazine 81:14-22.

_____. 1977. Notes on effects of fire and logging on birds inhabiting jack pine stands. Jack-Pine Warbler 55:92-94.

_____. 1977. Foraging behavior of the eastern bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 89:404-414.

_____. 1977. Courtship feeding attempt between two male eastern bluebirds. Jack-Pine Warbler 55:46.

_____. 1977. Breeding adaptations in the eastern bluebird. Condor 79:289-302.

_____. 1977. Blowfly parasitism of eastern bluebirds in natural and artificial nest sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 41:272-276.

_____. 1978. Two successive male eastern bluebirds tending the same nest. Auk 95:606-608.

_____. 1978. Habituation of adult eastern bluebirds to a nestbox trap. Bird-Banding 9-125-129.

_____. 1978. Five years of observations of a male eastern bluebird. Jack-Pine Warbler 56:161-163.

_____. 1978. Feeding of nestling and fledgling eastern bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 90:84-98.

_____. 1979. Tremble-thrusts. Sialia 1:112-113.

_____. 1979. Time budget and incubation rhythm of the eastern bluebird. American Midland Naturalist 101:427-433.

_____. 1979. Nest site selection in eastern bluebirds. Condor 81:435-436.

_____. 1979. Foraging ecology and habitat utilization in the genus Sialia. Pages 165-190 in J. G. Dickson, editor. The Role of Insectivorous Birds in Forest Ecosystems. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA.

_____. 1979. Effect of nesting history on egg size in eastern bluebirds. Condor 81:210.

_____. 1979. Effects of a severe winter on a breeding population of eastern bluebirds. Jack-Pine Warbler 57:9-12.

_____. 1979. Annual productivity and its measurement in a multi-brooded passerine, the eastern bluebird. Auk 96:562-572.

_____. 1980. Pygmy nuthatch feeds mountain bluebird nestlings. Western Birds 11:155-156.

_____. 1980. A montage of defiants. Ten accounts of unusual bluebird behavior. Sialia 2:19-21.

_____. 1981. Ponderosa: the ecology of a tree made for bluebirds. Sialia 3:83-87.

_____. 1982. Bluebirds. Pages 95-96 in D. E. Davis, editor. C R C Handbook of Census Methods for Terrestrial Vertebrates. C R C Press, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

_____. 1996. Spectrogram contour features for intraspecific classification of narrow-band animal sounds. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 99:2557.

PITELKA, F. A. 1941. Foraging behavior in the western bluebird. Condor 43:198-199.

PITTS, T. D. 1976. Nesting habits of eastern bluebirds in northwest Tennessee. Dissertation, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

_____. 1977. Do eastern bluebirds and house sparrows prefer nest boxes with white or black interiors? Bird Banding 48:75-76.

_____. 1978. Designing better nest boxes for bluebirds. The Bird Watch 6:1-3.

_____. 1978. Foods of eastern bluebird nestlings in northwest Tennessee. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 53:136-139.

_____. 1978. Eastern bluebird mortality at winter roosts in Tennessee. Bird-Banding 49:77-78.

_____. 1978. Effects of the winter of 1976-1877 on the population size and reproductive activities of eastern bluebirds in northwest Tennessee during 1977. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 53:72.

_____. 1979. Foods of eastern bluebirds during exceptionally cold weather in Tennessee. Journal of Wildlife Management 43:752-754.

_____. 1981. Eastern bluebird population fluctuations in Tennessee during 1970-1979. Migrant 52:29-37.

_____. 1984. Historical population changes of eastern bluebirds in northwest Tennessee. Sialia 6:43-47.

_____. 1985. Identification of second-year and after-second-year eastern bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithology 56:422-424.

_____. 1986. Active eastern bluebird nest usurped by second pair of bluebirds. North American Bird Bander 11:134-135.

_____. 1988. Effects of an early spring snow storm on eastern bluebird nesting activities. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 63:53.

_____. 1988. Effects of nest box size on eastern bluebird nests. Journal of Field Ornithology 59:309-313.

_____. 1994. Eastern bluebirds banding: 1900-1920. Sialia 16:123-126.

_____. 1995. Air cell development and mass changes in eastern bluebird eggs during incubation. Journal of Field Ornithology 66:418-423.

_____. 1995. A tail-mounted radio transmitter for eastern bluebirds. North American Bird Bander 20:106-110.

_____, M. CONNER, S. CREWS, M. CRUTCHER, J. HOBBS, J. KING, J. MARTIN, T. MARTIN, T. MCCRAW, J. RAYFIELD, AND J. WRAY. 1989. Winter plant foods of eastern bluebirds in Tennessee. Sialia 11:57-61.

_____, AND L. E. HAYES. 1990. Eastern bluebird mortality due to tick paralysis. Sialia 12:3-4.

_____, AND M. P. MARTIN. 1989. Changes in eastern bluebirds' eggshells during incubation. Journal of the Tennessee Academy of Science 64:55.

_____, AND R. W. SNOW. 1996. Mortality of banded adult eastern bluebirds. Sialia 18:83-93.

PITZRICK, V. M. 1986. Amity Lake bluebird trail. Sialia 8:71-73.

_____. 1993. Summary 1993: Amity Lake bluebird trail. Prothonotary 59:135-136.

PLISSNER, J. H., AND P. A. GOWATY. 1988. Evidence of reproductive error in adoption of nestling eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Auk 105:575-578.

_____, AND _____. 1995. Eastern bluebirds are attracted to two-box sites. Wilson Bulletin 107:289-295.

_____, AND _____. 1996. Patterns of natal dispersal, turnover and dispersal costs in eastern bluebirds. Animal Behavior 51:1307-1322.

_____, _____, AND J. D. LANHAM. 1987. Does feeding rate influence fledging in eastern bluebirds? American Zoologist 27:18A.

_____, S. J. WAGNER, AND P. A. GOWATY. 1994. Reliability of aging criteria by feather characteristics of eastern bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithology 65:504-507

POGUE, D. W., AND W. A. CARTER. 1995. Breeding biology of secondary cavity-nesting birds in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 40:167-173.

_____, AND G. D. SCHNELL. 1994. Habitat characterization of secondary cavity-nesting birds in Oklahoma. Wilson Bulletin 106:203-226.

POLLOCK, H. S. 1986. The western bluebirds' struggle for survival. Victoria Naturalist 43:1-4.

_____. 1987. 1987 Bluebird report. Victoria Naturalist 44:12.

_____. 1988. A front-opening bluebird nest box design. Sialia 10:23-25.

_____. 1989. Coping with the house wren. Sialia.11:93-95.

POLLOCK, R. 1986. A ray of sun, a patch of blue. Animal Kingdom 89:10-15.

_____, AND J. POLLOCK. 1992. A bird to match the mountain sky. Species profile: mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides). Wildbird. 6:28-31.

POTTER, E. F. 1968. Eastern bluebirds attract fall migrants. Chat 32:28-29.

_____. 1973. Recovery of a banded eastern bluebird: confirmation of an assumption. Chat 37:51.

POTTER, R. P. 1967. Rotenone for bird houses. EBBA News 30:88-89.

POWELL, D. J. 1988. The winter season. December 1, 1987 - February 29, 1988. Western Great Lakes region. American Birds 42:267-269.

POWER, H. W. 1966. Biology of the mountain bluebird in Montana. Condor 68:351-371.

_____. 1974. The mountain bluebird: sex and the evolution of foraging behavior. Dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.

_____. 1975. Mountain bluebirds: experimental evidence against altruism. Science 89:142-143.

_____. 1979. Is displacement a sign of female dominance or only a response to close following by males trying to avoid being cuckoled? Auk 96:613-615.

_____. 1980. On bluebird cuckoldry and human adultery. American Naturalist 116:705-709.

_____. 1980. Male escorting and protecting females at the nest cavity in mountain bluebirds. Wilson Bulletin 92:509-511._____. 1980. The foraging behavior of mountain bluebirds 3/4 with emphasis on sexual differences. Ornithological Monograph No. 28.

_____. 1981. Searching for altruism in birds. Auk 98:422-425.

_____. 1981. The question of altruism. Sociobiology 6:7-21.

_____. 1984. Why kleptogamy is not a substitute for cuckoldry. Animal Behaviour 32:923-924.

_____. 1989. The long hot summer of '88: bluebirds liked it hot. Natural History 98:61.

_____, AND C. P. DONER. 1980. Experiments on cuckoldry in the mountain bluebird. American Naturalist 116:689-704.

PRESCOTT, H. W. 1975. June cold takes Oregon bluebird toll. Purple Martin News 10:9.

_____. 1979. Oregon's Willamette Valley. Sialia 1:52-56, 81.

_____. 1980. Causes of decline of the western bluebird in Oregon's Willamette Valley. Sialia 2:131-135.

_____. 1982. Using paired nesting boxes to reduce swallow-bluebird competition. Sialia 4:3-7.

_____. 1982. Mounting nesting boxes. Sialia 4:140-141.

_____. 1983. Ash-throated flycatchers and plain titmice compete for bluebird nestboxes in Oregon. Sialia 5:123-124.

_____, AND E. GILLIS. 1985. An analysis of western bluebird double and triple nest box research on Chehalem and Parrett Mountains in 1982. Sialia 7:123-130, 146.

PRESSNELL, A., AND O. HOTCHKISS. 1979. Eastern bluebird nesting at Columbia. Migrant 50:36-37.

PRESTON, F. W. AND J. MCCORMICK. 1948. The eyesight of the bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 60:120-121.

PRESTON, R. C. 1938. Bluebird nesting in a cliff swallow's nest. Auk 55:539.

PRIGGE, A. A. 1981. Reducing bluebird-swallow competition. Sialia 3:49-50.

_____. 1982. More on reducing swallow-bluebird competition. Sialia 4:7-8.

PRILL, A. G. 1892. Western bluebird. Oologist 9:36-37.

PROUDFOOT, G. A. 1996. Miniature video-board camera used to inspect natural and artificial nest cavities. Wildlife Society Bulletin 24:528-530.

PURCELL, K. L. 1997. Use of a fiberscope for examining cavity nests. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:283-286.

PURCELL, K. L., J. VERNER, AND L. W. ORING. 1997. A comparison of the breeding ecology of birds nesting in boxes and tree cavities. Auk 114:646-656.

PURRINGTON, R. D. 1979. The autumn migration. August 1 - November 30, 1978, central southern region. American Birds 33:185-188.

PURVIS, D. 1997. Cavity nester success in Orange County, California. Sialia 19:143-145.


QUINN, J. L. 1955. An unsuccessful bluebird nest. Passenger Pigeon 17:154-155.

QUINN, M. S., AND G. L. HOLROYD. 1989. Nestling and egg destruction by house wrens. Condor 91:206-207.


RACEY, K. 1939. Western bluebird notes. Canadian Field-Naturalist 53:30.

RADUNZEL, L. A., D. M. MUSCHITZ, V. M. BAULDRY, AND P. ARCESE. 1997. A long-term study of the breeding success of eastern bluebirds by year and cavity type. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:7-18.

READ, W. F. 1987. 1987 Eastern bluebird nestbox survey. Ontario Bird Banding 19:34-35.

_____. 1988. Nest lowering to prevent raccoon predation. North American Bird Bander 13:53-54.

_____. 1989. Ontario eastern bluebird nest box survey - 1988. Ontario Bird Banding 20/21:65-68.

_____. 1990. Ontario eastern bluebird nestbox survey - 1989. Ontario Bird Banding 22:33-36.

_____. 1990. Banding eastern bluebirds as part of a cooperative project. Sialia 12:135-136.

_____. 1991. Ontario Eastern Bluebird Society nestbox survey - 1990. Ontario Bird Banding 23:47-48.

_____. 1992. Ontario Eastern Bluebird Society nestbox survey - 1991. Ontario Bird Banding 24:21-27.

_____. 1996. Updated status report on the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis, in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

REED, C. E. 1924. Bluebirds, swallows, and wrens. Bird-Lore 26:116-117.

REED, M. 1971. Questions about bluebirds. Inland Bird Banding News 43:27.

_____. 1975. Five year study of bluebird trail. Inland Bird Banding News 47:20-22.

_____. 1978. A bluebird life story. Inland Bird Banding News 50:135.

REED, M. F. 1992. Two female eastern bluebirds raise brood of eight in one box. Sialia 14:3-4.

REEVES, D. A., AND R. EFTA. 1987. Iowa bluebird nest box program for 1986. Iowa Bird Life 57:36-38.

RENAUD, M., AND S. STODDARD. 1992. Built-in babysitter? Immature bluebird assists parents at the nest. Sialia 14:110.

RENDELL, W. B. AND R. J. ROBERTSON. 1989. Nestsite characteristics, reproductive success and cavity availability for tree swallows breeding in natural cavities. Condor 91:875-885.

_____, AND _____. 1990. Influence of forest edge on nest-site selection by tree swallows. Wilson Bulletin 102:634-644.

_____, AND N. A. M. VERBECK. 1996. Are avian ectoparasites more numerous in nest boxes with old nest material? Canadian Journal of Zoology 74:1819-1825.

_____, AND _____. 1996. Old nest material in nestboxes of tree swallows: effects on reproductive success. Condor 98:142-152.

_____, AND _____. 1996. Old nest material in nest boxes of tree swallows: effects on nest-site choice and nest building. Auk 113:319-328.

RICH, T. 1984. Mountain bluebird use of treeless lava flows for nest sites. Western Birds 15:39-40.

RIDGWAY, R. 1894. On geographic variation in Sialia mexicana. Auk 11:145-160.

RIGGS, C. D. 1956. Nesting of the mountain bluebird in Cleveland County, Oklahoma. Wilson Bulletin 68:72-73.

RIPPY, P. T. 1974. Late nesting of eastern bluebird. Kentucky Warbler 50:18.

RITCHIE, R. J. AND R. E. AMBROSE. 1992. The status of selected birds in east-central Alaska. Canadian Field-Naturalist. 106:316-320.

ROBBINS, C. S. 1979. Effect of forest fragmentation on bird populations. In Management of North Central and Northeastern Forests for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-51.

_____. 1988. New perspectives on threats to cavity nesting birds. Sialia 10:18-19, 26.

ROBERTS, T. H. 1981. Parasites of the eastern bluebird. Sialia 3:92-94.

ROBERTS, T. S. 1932. The birds of Minnesota, Part 2. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

ROBERTSON, W. R. 1979. A bluebird feeder. Sialia 1:80-81.

ROBINSON, H. J. 1928. Domestic vicissitudes of bluebirds. Bulletin of the Northeastern Bird-Banding Association 4:21-25.

ROBY, D. D., K. L. BRINK, AND K. WITTMANN. 1992. Effects of bird blowfly parasitism on eastern bluebird and tree swallow nestlings. Wilson Bulletin 104:630-643.

ROOT, T. L., M. A. HOLMGREN, AND R. W. ANDREWS. 1981. Winter abundance patterns of some songbirds near the 100th meridian in the southern United States. Southwest Naturalist 26:95-100.

ROSGEN, D., AND J. M. ZINGO. 1993. The Connecticut Bluebird Restoration Project - successfully managing for the eastern bluebird and other native cavity-nesting birds. Connecticut Warbler. 13:91-103.

ROUNDS, R. C. 1983. Brood size of eastern and mountain bluebirds in Manitoba. Journal of Field Ornithology 54:304-311.

_____. 1985. Selection of artificial nest sites by five sympatric passerines. Journal of Wildlife Management 49:264-276.

_____, AND H. L. MUNRO. 1982. A review of hybridization between Sialia sialis and S. currucoides. Wilson Bulletin 94:219-223.

_____, AND _____. 1983. Brood size of eastern and mountain bluebirds in Manitoba. Journal of Field Ornithology 54:304-311.

RUSTAD, O. A. 1972. An eastern bluebird nesting study in south central Minnesota. Loon 44:80-84

_____. 1972. Tree swallow nesting study on a bluebird trail in south central Minnesota. Loon 44:100-105.


Page 1: A thru I
Page 2: J thru R
Page 3: S thru Z

This bibliography webpage was created by a friend of the bluebirds:
L. R. Lattimer, A.W.B.
SUNY Cobleskill, Cobleskill, NY, USA

 

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