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Bibliography: A - I
Bibliography: J - R
Bibliography: S - Z
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Bibliography of Literature and Research on the Genus Sialia

Prepared by Leon R. Latimer, State University of New York at Cobleskill;  Nancy E. Niles, State University of New York at Cobleskill and Theodore W. Gutzke, USFWS, Medicine Lake NWR, Medicine Lake, MT (5/99)

This on-line bibliography is compilation of most articles written about the bluebirds of the genus Sialia, up to the end of 1998. It is based on the hard copy updated and funded by the State University of New York at Cobleskill by Leon R. Lattimer, Nancy E. Niles, and Theodore W. Gutzke. 

The articles are grouped alphabetically by author and listed under the following three pages:

Page 1: A thru I
Page 2: J thru R
Page 3: S thru Z

ACOPIANS, S. 1990. Tufted titmouse egg successfully fostered in bluebird nest. Sialia 12:6-7.

ADAMS, S. 1993. Bluebird monitoring in Illinois. Sialia 15:137-139.

ADKISSON, C. S. 1988. Cavity-nesting birds of North America: Past history, present status, and future prospects. Bird Conservation International 3:85-100.

ALLAIRE, P. N. 1976. Nesting adaptations of bluebirds on surface mined lands. Kentucky Warbler 52:1-2.

_____. 1979. Reclaimed surface mines: potential nesting sites for bluebirds. Sialia 1:26-28.

ALLAN, B. 1996. A report on the bluebirds in Spencer, Massachusets. Bird Observer 24:157.

ALLAN, T. A. 1978. Unusual mortality of a red squirrel in a bluebird house. Jack-Pine Warbler 56:45-46.

ALLEN, A. A. 1930. Gentle bluebirds story. Bird-Lore 32:151-159.

ALLEN, D. H. 1988. Home range and habitat use of eastern bluebirds on the Savanna River plant, South Carolina. Thesis, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA.

_____, AND J. R. SWEENEY. 1989. A transmitter package for eastern bluebirds. Sialia 11:43-47.

ALSOP, F. J. 1971. Great crested flycatcher observed copulating with an immature eastern bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 83:312.

ALWORTH, T. 1996. An experimental test of the function of sticks in the nests of house wrens. Condor 98:841-844.

AMBROSE, R. E. 1975. The effect of clear-cutting on bird and small mammal populations. Dissertation, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

ANDREWS, R. W., AND E. E. BOCK. 1979. A Christmas bird count analysis of bluebird abundance patterns and population trends. Sialia l:10-14.

ANTHONY, A. W. 1889. New birds from lower California, Mexico. Proceedings of the California Academy of Science Series 2:73-82.

ARCESE, P., AND V. M. BAULDRY. 1997. Corroboration of the North American Breeding Bird Survey for eastern bluebirds. North American Bird Bander 22:169-172.

AREHART-TREICHEL, J. 1983. Science helps the bluebird. Science News 123:376-377.

ASCHIM, K. 1981. Prince Albert bluebird trail report-1981. Blue Jay 39:224-225.

_____, AND K. HRUSKA. 1983. Prince Albert bluebird trail report-1982. Blue Jay 41(1)41-42.

ASSELIN, D. 1990. Eastern bluebird encouraged to return to southern Quebec. Sialia 12:93-94.

ATKINSON, B. 1974. Fewer bluebirds are heralding spring's return. Smithsonian 5:38-45.

ATKINSON, C. A. 1990. Eastern bluebird nesting success in parkway systems of large municipalities. Pennsylvania Birds 4:45-46.

ATKINSON, C. U. 1980. The bluebird program at Tyler Arboretum, Lima, PA. Cassinia 58:9.

AUSTIN, D. D., AND M. L. PERRY. 1979. Birds in six communities within a lodgepole pine forest. Journal of Forestry 77:584-586.

AYLESWORTH, A. 1984. Large box openings can be curse or blessing. Sialia 6:123-124.

_____. 1987. Mountain x western bluebird hybrids. Sialia 9:9,21.

_____. 1987. Breeding biology of western bluebirds in western Montana. Sialia 9:135-136.


BACKHOUSE, F. 1986. Bluebird revival. A heart-warming comeback from the brink of extinction. Canadian Geographic 106:33-39.

BAGG, A. C., AND S. A. ELIOT, JR. 1937. Birds of the Connecticut Valley in Massachusetts. The Hampshire Bookshop, Northampton, Massachusetts, USA.

BAGLEY, E. S. 1993. Predator problems. Siala 15:65-66

BAIRD, S. F., T. M. BREWER, AND R. RIDGWAY. 1974. A history of North American birds: Land Birds, Vol. 1. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

BAKER, R. H. 1942. A bird tragedy. Auk 59:440.

BALDA, R. P. 1969. Foliage use by birds of the oak-juniper woodlands and ponderosa-pine forest in southeastern Arizona. Condor 71:399-412.

_____. 1975. Vegetation structure and breeding bird. In Proceedings of the Symposium of Management of Forest and Range Habitats for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-1., Washington D.C., USA.

_____. 1987. Avian impacts on pinyon-juniper woodland USDA Forest Service General Technical Report Int. No. 215:525-533.

_____, W. S. GAND, AND J. D. BRAWN. 1983. Predictive models for snag nesting birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM No. 99:216-222.

BALDWIN, P. H. 1968. Predator-prey relationships of birds and spruce beetles. Proceedings of the North Central Branch of the Entomological Society of America 23:90-99.

BANGS, O. 1898. Some new races of birds from eastern North America. Auk 15:173-183.

BARASH, D. P. 1976. Male response to apparent female adultery in the mountain bluebird: an evolutionary interpretation. American Naturalist 110:1097-1101.

_____. 1980. Reply to Power. American Naturalist 116:710-711.

BARBER, C. A., R. J. ROBERTSON, AND P. T. BOAG. 1996. The high frequency of extra-pair paternity in tree swallows is not an artifact of nestboxes. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 38:425-430.

BARBER, T. A. 1993. Noel guard stops raccoons. Sialia 15:136.

_____. 1994. Foster parents. Sialia 16:142.

_____. 1996. Update on Noel guards. Sialia 18:11.

BARDON, K. 1991. Nesting mountain bluebirds. Loon 63:207-208.

BART, J. 1977. Impact of human visitations on avian nesting success. Living Bird 16:187-192.

BARTEL, K. E. 1981. Bluebird trail raises tree swallows. Passenger Pigeon 43:43-44.

BARTLETT, W. A. 1941. Taming bluebirds. Oologist 58:142-144.

BASE, D. L. 1987. Oklahoma's bluebird trails project. Sialia 9:63-65.

BAST, T. W. 1992. Note on nesting eastern bluebirds. North American Bird Bander 17:133.

BAULDRY, V. M., AND D. BEIMBORN. 1995. Bluebird returns near Green Bay, Wisconsin, 1967-1995. North American Bird Bander 20:145.

_____, _____, AND P. ARCESE. 1996. Return rates of migrating adult eastern bluebirds in relation to sex, winter weather and population size. North American Bird Bander 21:129-137.

_____, D. M. MUSCHITZ, L. A. RADUNZEL, AND P. ARCESE. 1995. A 27-year study of eastern bluebirds in Wisconsin: productivity, juvenile return rates and dispersal outside the study area. North American Bird Bander 20:111-119.

BAXTER, J. R. 1979. Bluebirds in Erie County, PA. Sialia 1:115-118.

_____. 1982. House sparrows shun this nesting box. Sialia 4:137-138.

BEAL, F. 1915. Food of the robins and bluebirds of the United States. U.S. Department of Agriculture Biological Survey Bulletin 171.

BEANE, J. C., AND P. R. TRAIL. 1991. Scincella lateralis (ground skink) predation. Herpetological Review 22:99.

BECKER, P. A. 1944. One season of bluebirds. Flicker 16:62-64.

BEDNAREK, R., AND C. S. DAVIDSON. 1967. Influence of spraying with carbaryl on nesting success in a sample of birdboxes on Cape Cod in 1965. Bird-Banding 38:66-72.

BEEBE, S. B. 1974. Relationship between insectivorous hole-nesting birds and forest management. Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies.

BEIMBORN, D. 1995. Bluebirds return to central Minneapolis. North American Bird Bander 20:147.

BELCHER, M. 1966. After 50 years, the eastern bluebird nests again at Regina. Blue Jay 24:187-189.

BELL, W. T., JR. 1967. Bluebirds in New York. New York State College of Agriculture, 4-H Bulletin M-5-7.

BELLES-ISLES, J. C., AND J. PICMAN. 1996. House wren nest-destroying behavior. Condor 88:190-193.

BELSER, C. G. 1981. Seasonal ethograms of the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis, near Clemson, South Carolina. Thesis, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA.

BENDER, W., AND H. BENDER. 1983. Bluebird feeds chickadee young. Sialia 5:125.

BENT, A. C. 1949. Life histories of North American thrushes, kinglets, and their allies. U.S. National Museum Bulletin No. 199, Washington, D.C., USA.

BERGTOLD, W. H. 1912. October birds of the headwaters of the Gila River. Auk 29:327-336.

BERNER, K. L. 1990. Field tests of predator-deterrent nest box devices for acceptance by cavity nesting birds. Sialia 12:123-128.

_____. 1991. Field tests of the "Bird Guardian" commercial predator deterrent. Sialia 13:14-19.

_____. 1995. Comparison of use of several styles of nest boxes by cavity nesting birds. Sialia 17:127-135.

_____. 1997. Extract from Research Committee report for annual meeting, Burlington, Ontario, 12 September 1996. Sialia 19:69.

_____. 1998. Dissecting the Peterson nest box. Sialia 20:11-13.

_____. 1998. Observations on pairing bluebird nest boxes. Sialia 20:49-50.

_____, AND A. J. BROWN. 1994. 1993 nesting box report. Sialia 16:83-88, 98.

_____, D. J. CLARK, F. J. MACDOUGALL, AND J. AMBERT. 1992. 1991 nesting box report. Sialia 14:49-54.

_____, D. MCGETTIGAN, AND S. KRIEGER. 1990. Testing a raccoon's ability to raid a nest box. Sialia 12:83-87.

_____, AND A. S. MALLETE. 1993. 1992 nesting box report. Sialia 15:43-48.

_____, AND D. R. MOORE. 1997. 1996 nesting box report. Sialia. 19:95-98.

_____, AND V. A. PLEINES. 1993. Field tests of several styles of bluebird nest boxes.

_____, AND B. S. SMITH. 1995. 1994 nest box report. Sialia 17:89-95.

_____, AND _____. 1996. 1995 nesting box report. Sialia 18:94-99.

_____, J. D. WIGEN, J. A. GRINDROD, AND N. E. NILES. 1991. 1990 nesting box report. Sialia 13:45-49.

BETTS, T. 1980. Natural perches of bluebirds. Sialia 2:108-109.

BITTNER, R. A. 1988. Bluebirds at Abernethy, Saskatchewan: history and 1988 results. Blue Jay 46:215-218.

_____. 1990. Effect of temperature on bluebird and swallow nesting dates. Blue Jay 48:222-223.

_____. 1993. Bluebird nest boxes: unusual designs. Blue Jay 51:49-51.

_____. 1997. Experimental nest boxes for bluebirds: an update. Sialia 19:92-94.

BLACK, C. C. 1998. Entrance slot attitude preferences of eastern bluebirds. Sialia 20:18-19.

_____. 1998. 1997 nesting box report. Sialia 20:88-93,101.

BLACK, J. A. 1970. An eastern bluebird recorded in southern Nassau County, Long Island. Engelhardtia 3:42.

BLACKBURN, K. 1991. A bird in the bush. Sialia 13:23-24.

_____. 1991. Plantings for bluebirds and other wildlife. Sialia 13:99-103.

BLAKE, C. H. 1954. Death of a bluebird. Bird-Banding 25:59.

BLAIR, L. 1993. Netting saves nestlings from snakes. Sialia 15:22.

BLOCK, W. M. 1990. Geographic variation in foraging ecologies of breeding and nonbreeding birds in oak woodlands. Studies in Avian Biology 13:264-269.

BOHLEN, H. D. 1982. Mountain bluebird in Illinois. Illinois Audubon Bulletin 202:24-25.

BOLE, M. 1905. Protection for bird tenants. Bird-Lore 7:178.

BOONE, D. D. 1979. Bluebird, what do you eat? Sialia 1:30-31.

_____. 1981. Reducing predation of bluebird trails. Sialia 3:43-48.

_____. 1982. Managing trails for bluebird-swallow balance. Sialia 4:10-11.

BOONE, J. E. 1984. Bluebird posture: understanding bluebird behavior. Sialia 6:137-143.

BOOZER, J. C. 1986. First sighting of mountain bluebird reported from western North Carolina. Chat 50:54.

BOWDISH, B. S. 1890. Sialia - Mus. Oologist 7:140.

BOWMAN, B. L. 1960. Notes on a successful bluebird nest. Oriole 25:48.

BOYER, R. L. 1976. Abundance of tree cavities for wildlife in a Michigan red maple flood plain forest. Jack-Pine Warbler 54:155-158.

BRANDEL, M. 1984. Mountain bluebird at Appleton. Passenger Pigeon 46:45.

BRAWN, J. D. 1984. Defense of nest boxes by western bluebirds during the post-breeding period. Condor 86:494-495.

_____. 1985. Population biology, community structure, and habitat selection of birds in ponderosa pine habitat. Dissertation, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.

_____. 1987. Nest boxes and western bluebirds in Arizona's pine forests. Sialia 9:123-126.

_____. 1987. Density effects on reproduction of cavity nesters in northern Arizona. Auk 104:783-787.

_____. 1988. Selectivity and ecological consequences of cavity nesters using natural vs. artificial nest sites. Auk 105:789-791.

_____. 1990. Interspecific competition and social behavior in violet-green swallows. Auk 107:606-608.

_____. 1991. Environmental effects on variation and co-variation in reproductive traits of western bluebirds. Oecologia 86:193-201.

_____, AND R. P. BALDA. 1988. Population biology of cavity nesters in northern Arizona: do nest sites limit breeding densities? Condor 90:61-71.

_____, W. J. BOECKLEN, AND R. P. BALDA. 1987. Investigations of density interactions amoung breeding birds in ponderosa pine forests: correlative and experimental evidence. Oecologia 72:348-357.

BRETHWAITE, C. O. 1984. Bluebird trail, Springton Reservoir, Delaware County, Pa. 1972- 1983. Cassinia 60:50.

BREWER, R., AND L. SWANDER. 1977. Life history factors affecting the intrinsic rate of natural increase of birds of the deciduous forest biome. Wilson Bulletin 89:211-232.

BREWSTER, W. 1885. Preliminary notes on some birds obtained in Arizona by Mr. F. Stephens in 1884. Auk 2:84-85.

BRIGHAM, E. M. 1946. Some early nesting records of bluebirds in 1945 and 1946. Jack-Pine Warbler 24:96-98.

BRISSON, J. D. 1987. Adoptez une nichee de merle-bleu a poitrine rouge. Carnets de Zoologie 47:10-11.

BRODRICK, H. J. 1938. Nesting and re-mating of a pair of bluebirds. Auk 55:538-539.

BROMAN, J. H. 1995. Broken necks and bluebirds. Sialia 17:27-28.

BROWN, A. J. 1981. Juvenile eastern bluebirds participating in nest buildings. Sialia 3:7.

BROWN, J. D. 1988. Selectivity and ecological consequences of cavity nesters using natural vs. artificial nest sites. Auk 105:789-791.

BROWNING, F. D. 1988. An easier way to build nesting boxes. Sialia 10:102-108.

BRUETSCH, P. 1982. A season of bluebirds. Conservationist 36(5):11-13.

BULL, E. L. 1978. Specialized habitat requirements of birds: snag management, old growth and riparian habitat. In Workshop on Nongame Bird Management in the Coniferous Forests of western United States. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-64.

BULLERMAN, J. 1992. Easy-to-clean nest box. Sialia 14:125-127

BURGESS, S. 1981. The bluebird project-Part 1. Monthly Bulletin of the Bermuda Department of Agriculture and Fisheries 52:3-5

_____. 1981. The bluebird project-Part 2. Monthly Bulletin of the Bermuda Department of Agriculture and Fisheries 52:12-14.

BURTT, B. P. 1979. Nesting boxes and platforms for birds. Sialia 1:150-163.

BUSCHHAUS, N. L. 1997. The relationship of steroid hormones and breeding behavior in eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

BUSER, C. S. 1980. A time and energy budget study of the eastern bluebird during the breeding season. Thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA.

BUTCHER, G. 1988. Incubation period of the eastern bluebird and the American robin. Birdscope 2:10-11

BUTLER, A. G. 1907. The bluebird in captivity. Avicultural Magazine 6:50-53.

BUTLER, A. W. 1898. The birds of Indiana. Indiana Department of Geology & Natural Resources, Annual Report 22:515-1197.

BUTOT, R. 1978. First Alberta record of an eastern bluebird. Blue Jay 36:41.

_____. 1978. Migration patterns and occurrences of robins, thrushes, and mountain bluebirds in the Calgary area, 1961-1977. Calgary Field Naturalist 9:272-276.


CADDELL, A. B. 1992. The success of mountain and western bluebird nesting boxes in Montana. Proceedings of the Montana Academy of Sciences 52:140.

CAINE, L. A., AND W. R. MARION. 1991. Artificial addition of snags and nest boxes to slash pine plantations. Journal of Field Ornithology 62:97-106.

CALDER, W. A. 1970. Use of a dipper nest by mountain bluebird. Condor 72:498.

CAMPBELL, I. L. 1982. Experimental nesting box designed to reduce blowfly parasitism. Sialia 4:49-51.

_____. 1984. Improved design for experimental nesting box. Sialia 6:70.

CANUTT, P. R. AND J. H. POPPINO. 1978. Accounting for non-game bird habitat in land use planning. In Workshop on Nongame Bird Habitat Management in the Coniferous Forests of the Western United States. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report PNW-64.

CARLSON, D. J. 1976. Bio-environmental regulation of forest insect populations. Thesis, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA.

CARR, T., AND C. J. GOIN. 1965. Bluebirds feeding mockingbird nestlings. Wilson Bulletin 7:405-407.

CARTER, J. 1992. Nesting success of eastern bluebirds in Myles Standish State Forest. Bird Observer. 20:196-200.

CARTER, M. S. 1938. Build a bluebird house. Migrant 9:88-89.

CARTER, T. W. 1979. The Hinton, Alberta, bluebird trail, 1976 - 1979. Blue Jay 37:112-113.

CARTER, W. A. 1971. Another new bird for Oklahoma: western bluebird. Bulletin - Oklahoma Ornithological Society 4:36-37.

_____. 1972. Second western bluebird record for Oklahoma. Bulletin - Oklahoma Ornithological Society 4:33.

_____. 1981. Nesting of the eastern bluebird in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. Bulletin - Oklahoma Ornithological Society 14:9-13.

CASH, W. A. 1990. PVC plastic elbow attachment: a raccoon, feral cat, flying squirrel deterrent. Sialia 12:69.

CASSES, K. 1992. Bluebird helpers. Sialia 14:144.

CHANCE, P. 1996. Up up and away: the elevator post. Sialia 18:63-64,67.

CHAPLIN, J., AND F. CHAPLIN. 1987. Female bluebird competition for nesting boxes. Sialia 9:92.

CHAPMAN, L. B. 1942. Recovery of bluebirds banded as fledglings. Bird-Banding 13:39.

CHOW, W., E. H. BURTT, AND D. E. JOHNSTON. 1983. Invertebrate fauna of eastern bluebird nests. Sialia 5:53-57.

CHRISTMAN, H. 1924. Bluebird vs. downy. Bird-Lore 26:118-119.

CHURCH, J. P. 1982. Southernmost nesting record for the mountain bluebird. Western Birds 13:35.

CINK, C. L. 1991. Breeding recovery of a Kansas eastern bluebird banded as a nestling. Bulletin-Kansas Ornithological Society 42:30-31.

CLARK, H. W. 1935. Fire and bird populations. Condor 37:16-18.

CLARK, J. 1904. A plea for bird-boxes. Bird-Lore 6:66.

CLEMENT, R. 1987. Getting to know bluebirds. Connecticut Warbler 7:19-20.

COHEN, R. R. 1976. Nest-site selection by the tree swallow and its avian competitors in the Colorado Mountains: initial findings. Journal of the Colorado-Wyoming Academy of Science 8:73.

_____. 1984. Reinforcing nest boxes with galvanized wire cable. Sialia 6:48-49.

_____. 1998. An elongate, thick, wooden predator guard with a large, steep entrance hole. Sialia 20:83-87.

COLEMAN, H. 1995. Bluebirds use a mealworm box. Sialia 17:67.

COMSTOCK, F. 1988. Connecticut bluebirds. Connecticut Warbler 8:55-56.

CONNER, R. N. 1978. Snag management for cavity nesting birds. In Management of Southern Forests for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SE-14.

_____, AND C. S. ADKISSON. 1974. Eastern bluebirds nesting in clearcuts. Journal of Wildlife Management 38:934-935.

CORKRAN, C. C. 1992. Spring weather can be a killer. Sialia 14:83-84

COTTAM, C., AND P. KNAPPEN. 1939. Food of some uncommon North American birds. Auk 56:138-169.

COUSINEAU, M., AND W. MORSE. 1986. Comparison of an established bluebird trail to new trails. Sialia 8:83-85.

CRAVEN, S. R. 1991. The other things that live in bird houses. Passenger Pigeon 53:79-82.

CRIDDLE, N. 1904. The mountain bluebird in Manitoba. Ottawa Naturalist 18:85-86.

_____. 1927. Habits of the mountain bluebird in Manitoba. Canadian Field-Naturalist 1:40-44.

CROMACK, A. S. 1987. Training bluebirds to use a feeder. Sialia 9:145, 132.

CROWELL, K. L., AND S. I. ROTHSTEIN. 1981. Clutch sizes and breeding strategies among Bermudan and North American passerines. Ibis 13:42-50.

CUNNINGHAM, J. B. 1977. Snags and cavities selected by secondary cavity nesting birds. Journal of the Arizona Academy of Science 12:8.

CURTIS, K. E. 1991. My test of raccoon guards. Sialia 13:98, 103.


DARLING, C., AND J. THOMSON-DELANEY. 1993. Bluebirds, blowflies, and parasitic wasps. Sialia 15:13-16.

DAVIS, W. H. 1988. Use of TangleTrap to measure snake predation at bluebird boxes. Sialia 10:87-88.

_____. 1989. Bluebirds in the bluegrass prefer wooden boxes. Sialia 11:7.

_____. 1991. Foiling house sparrows. Sialia 13:51-53.

_____. 1992. Tests of the shallow slot box. Sialia. 14:63-64.

_____. 1992. Myths at the bluebird box (?) Sialia 14:123.

_____. 1993. More experiments with raccoons. Sialia 15:49-50.

_____. 1993. The effects on bluebird productivity of not monitoring boxes. Sialia 15:93-95.

_____. 1993. Tests of a new sparrow-inhibiting box. Sialia 15:127-130.

_____. 1994. OK! premature fledging. Sialia 16:52-53.

_____. 1995. Raccoons. Bluebird Monitor 9(2):6.

_____. 1995. Testing the features of the Peterson box. Sialia 17:135-136.

_____. 1997. That remarkable Peterson entrance. Sialia 19:48-49.

_____. 1998. Should you add a wooden predator guard to a nest box? Sialia 20:14-15.

_____, AND B BLANKENSHIP. 1995. Colored streamers did not deter house sparrows. Sialia 17:50.

_____, AND _____. 1995. Nesting persistence of house sparrows. Sialia 17:97.

_____, AND D. DOURSON. 1991. Little brown bat, Myotis lucifugus, living in a bluebird box. Bat Research News 32:4.

_____, AND P. J. KALISZ. 1995. Tests of the Peterson box and Zuern's tree branch box. Sialia 17:18-19.

_____, _____, AND R. J. WELLS. 1994. Eastern bluebirds prefer boxes containing old nests. Journal of Field Ornithology 65:250-253.

_____, and W. C. MCCOMB. 1989. Bluebirds and starlings: competition for nest sites. Sialia 11:123-125, 138.

_____, _____, and P. N. ALLAIRE. 1986. Nest box use by starlings: does it inhibit bluebird production? Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of Science 47:133-136.

_____, AND K. MACK. 1994. Test of sparrow-inhibiting boxes. Sialia 16:96-98.

_____., AND P. ROCCA. 1995. Bluebirds and their survival. The University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

DAVISON, V. E. 1962. What bluebirds eat. Audubon Magazine 64:223-224.

DE WAARD, D. 1984. Of bluebirds and snakes. Sialia 6:65-67.

DEMAS, V. 1989. Effects of parasitism by blowfly larvae Protocalliphora sialis (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on western bluebird (Sialia mexicana) nestlings. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

DEN, S. 1984. Bringing back the mountain bluebird. Colorado Outdoors 33:36-39.

_____. 1985. Pesticide contamination and eggshell characteristics for mountain bluebirds in Colorado. North American Bird Bander 10:119-121.

DESILVA, S. L. J. 1992. Update on Bermuda's bluebirds: part one of a three-part study. Monthly Bulletin of the Bermuda Department of Agriculture and Fisheries 63:85-91.

DEVLIN, W. J., AND G. R. WILLNER. 1982. Habitat preference of cavity nesting birds at Carey Run Sanctuary in Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 38:3-5.

DEW, T., AND C. DEW. 1987. Feeding of nestlings by juvenile eastern bluebirds. Mississippi Kite 17:23.

_____, _____, AND R. B. LAYTON. 1986. Bluebirds: their daily lives and how to attract and raise bluebirds. Nature Publishers, Jackson, Mississippi, USA.

DICKEY, D. R., AND A J. VAN ROSSEM. 1930. A new bluebird from El Salvador. Condor 32:69-70.

DICKINSON, J. L. 1997. Male detention affects extra-pair copulation frequency and pair behavior in western bluebirds. Animal Behaviour. 53:561-571.

_____, AND J. J. AKRE. 1998. Extra pair paternity, inclusive fitness, and within-group benefits of helping in western bluebirds. Molecular Ecology 7:95-106.

_____, W. D. KOENIG, AND F. A. PITELKA. 1996. Fitness consequences of helping behavior in the western bluebird. Behavioral Ecology 7:168-177.

_____, AND M. L. LEONARD. 1996. Mate attendance and copulatory behavior in western bluebirds: evidence of mate guarding. Animal Behavior 52:981-992.

DITMAN, H. M. 1995. Cavity nesters on my property: bluebirds, chickadees and vultures. Sialia 17:70-71.

DOBKIN, D. S., A. C. RICH, J. A. PRETARE, AND W. H. PYLE. 1995. Nest-site relationships among cavity-nesting birds of riparian and snowpocket aspen woodlands in northwestern Great Basin. Condor 97:674-707.

DOHERTY, P. F. JR., T. C. GRUBB, JR. 1996. Effects of high-voltage powerlines on birds breeding within the powerlines electromagnetic fields. Sialia 18:129-134.

DOLESH, R. J. 1989. Bluebirds inside the beltway. Sialia 11:96.

DONAHOE, M. W. 1939. A study of the nesting habits and development of the eastern bluebird. Thesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

DRAPER, S. L. 1904. Bluebirds. Warbler 2:92.

DRINKWATER, H. 1953. Young bluebird taken from nest box by sparrow hawk. Auk 70:215.

DROEGE, S., AND J. R. SAUER. 1990. North American breeding bird survey annual summary 1989. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 90.

DROGE, D., P. A. GOWATY, AND W. W. WEATHERS. 1991. Sex-biased provisioning: a test for differences in field metabolic rates of nestling eastern bluebirds. Condor 93:793-798.

DUBOIS, N. S. 1997. Territorial responses to house wrens by Bewick's wrens and eastern bluebirds: a song playback experiment. Thesis, Albion College, Albion, Michigan, USA.

DUNN, J. 1981. The identification of female bluebirds. Birding 13:4-11.

DUPREE, D. C. 1984. 1983 nesting box report. Sialia 6:51-53.

_____. 1985. Eastern bluebird population density in the southeastern portion of its breeding range. Sialia 7:3-10.

_____. 1985. 1984 nesting box report. Sialia 7:51-54.

_____. 1986. 1985 nesting box report. Sialia 8:53-56.

_____. 1987. 1986 nesting box report. Sialia 9:51-55.

_____, AND M. WRIGHT. 1988. 1987 nesting box report. Sialia 10:43-50.

_____, and _____. 1989. 1988 nesting box report. Sialia 11:65-70.

_____, and _____. 1990. 1989 Nesting box report. Sialia 12:47-55.


EAKIN, J. 1983. A study of the eastern bluebird at the Holden Arboretum, Lake County, Ohio. Kirtlandia 40:1-51.

EASTMAN, W. R. 1960. Eating of tree seeds by birds in central Oregon. Oregon Forest Research Center, Corvallis, Research Note 42.

ECKERLIN, R. P. 1996. Arthropods in bluebird (Sialia sialis) nest boxes. Virginia Journal of Science. 47:95.

EDSON, J. M. 1926. Mountain bluebird in Whatcom County, Washington. Murrelet. 7:41.

EICHHOLZ, M. W. AND W. D. KOENIG. 1992. Gopher snake attraction to birds' nests. Southwestern Naturalist. 37:293-298.

ELLER, G. D. 1988. April 1987 snowstorm-related bird mortality in upper east Tennessee. Migrant 59:115.

ELLIS, K. L., AND J. R. PARRISH. 1988. A case of leucism in the western bluebird (Sialia mexicana). Great Basin Naturalist 48:75-77.

ELPHINSTONE, D. 1986. A bluebird hat trick in Alberta. Alberta Naturalist 16:32.

_____, E. SPALDING, AND J. BARGMAN. 1984. First recorded breeding in Alberta of the western bluebird. Alberta Naturalist 14:97-98.

ELTZROTH, E. K. 1981. Incomplete albinism in a western bluebird nestling. Oregon Birds 7:134.

_____. 1983. Breeding biology and mortality of western bluebirds near Corvallis, Oregon. Sialia 2:67-71.

_____. 1990. Update: observations from a "bluebird field" in western Oregon. Sialia 12:88.

_____. 1993. Premature fledging -- not a myth. Sialia 15:55-59.

_____. 1995. Unusual eggs on an Oregon trail. Siala 17:63-64.

_____. 1996. Cross-beaked western bluebirds. Sialia 18:3-4.

_____, A. S. CROMACK, AND L. L. THOMPSON-COWLEY. 1980. Endoparasitism in western bluebirds of Oregon. Sialia 2:67-71.

_____, AND S. R. ROBINSON. 1984. Violet-green swallows help western bluebirds at the nest. Journal of Field Ornithology 55:259-261.

EMLEN, S. T. AND H. W. POWER. 1976. Altruism in mountain bluebirds? Science 191:808-810.

ENO, S. 1997. My experience with paired boxes. Sialia 19:63-64.

ERICKSON, C. J., AND P. G. ZENONE. 1978. Aggressive courtship as a means of avoiding cuckoldry. Animal Behaviour 26:307-308.

ERSKINE, A. J. 1964. Nest site competition between bufflehead, mountain bluebird and tree swallow. Canadian Field-Naturalist 78:202-203.

_____, AND W. D. MCLAREN. 1972. Sapsucker nest holes and their use by other species. Canadian Field-Naturalist 86:357-361.

_____, AND _____. 1976. Comparative nesting biology of some hole-nesting birds in the Caribou Parklands, British Columbia. Wilson Bulletin 88:611-620.

ESCOTT, N. G. 1987. Flyways. Northwest Naturalist 41:20-21.

ESTOCK, J. 1996. Bluebird bois pour trois. Sialia 18:5-6

EVANS, K. E. 1978. Oak-pine and oak-hickory forest bird communities and management options. In Management of Southern Forests for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SE-14.

_____, AND R. N. CONNER. 1979. Snag management. In Management of Northeastern Forests for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-51.

_____, AND R. R. KREBS. 1977. Avian use of livestock watering ponds in western South Dakota. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-35.


FACKELMANN, K. A. 1992. Bluebird fathers favor pink over blue. Science News 141:7

FARNER, D. S. 1952. The birds of Crater Lake National Park. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

FAST, H. H. 1955. Bluebirds attracted by peanut hearts. Bird-Banding 26:27-28.

FEENEY, B. 1968. Mountain bluebird at Spooner. Passenger Pigeon 30:28.

FERGUSON, M. S. 1936. Notes on the relation of the European starling to other species of birds. Auk 53:87-88.

FIEDLER, D. A. 1974. The ecology of the eastern bluebird in central Minnesota. Thesis, St. Cloud State College, St. Cloud, Minnesota, USA.

FINCH, J. R. 1987. Is there a need to feed bluebirds? Sialia 9:11-14.

FINDLAY, J., III. 1989. Helping bring back the bluebird (Sialia sialia) - 1988 bluebird trail report. Alabama Birdlife 36:14-15.

_____. 1989. Incubation by a male eastern bluebird? Sialia 11:26, 29.

_____. 1993. Snowstorm deadly for bluebirds in Alabama. Sialia 15:140-141.

_____. 1995. Albinism in Alabama bluebirds. Sialia 17:16-17.

FINLEY, W. L. 1907. American birds studied and photographed from life. Charles Scribners Sons, New York, New York, USA.

_____. 1907. Two studies in blue. Condor 9:121-127.

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_____. 1995. Cat and 'coon guard update. Sialia 17:66.

FLANIGAN, A. B. 1971. Predation on snakes by eastern bluebirds and brown thrasher. Wilson Bulletin 83:441.

FOLLEN, D. G., SR. 1980. Mountain bluebird in Wood County. Passenger Pigeon 42:49.

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_____. 1929. Birds of Massachusetts and other New England states. Norwood Press, Norwood, Massachusetts, USA.

FORSTER, R. A. 1987. The autumn migration, August 1 - November 30, 1986, northeastern maritime region. American Birds 41:52-61.

FRANZERB, K. E. 1977. Bird population changes after timber harvesting of a mixed conifer forest in Arizona. USDA Forest Service Research Paper RM-184.

FRAZIER, A. AND V. NOLAN. 1959. Communal roosting by the eastern bluebird in winter. Bird-Banding 30:219-226.

FRIEDMAN, H. 1934. Further additions to the list of birds victimized by the cowbird. Wilson Bulletin 46:25-26.

FROST, L. E. 1925. A house wren tragedy. Bird-Lore 27:181-82.

FUEVST, G. 1988. More ways to discourage predators. Sialia 10:137-138.


GANDER, F. F. 1960. Western bluebirds in my garden. Audubon 62:70-71.

GANNON, R. 1962. To bring back the bluebird. Reader's Digest 80:231-236.

GANO, R. D., AND J. A. MOSHER. 1983. Artifical cavity construction - an alternative to nest boxes. Wildlife Society Bulletin 11:74-76.

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GARD, N. W., and M. J. HOOPER. 1993. Age-dependent changes in plasma and brain cholinesterase activities of eastern bluebirds and European starlings. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 29:1-7.

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GARDNER, A. F. 1920. Bluebirds vs. wrens. Bird-Lore 22:163-164.

_____. 1926. A summer of bluebird tragedies. Bird-Lore 28:241.

GARY, H. L., AND M. J. MORRIS. 1980. Constructing wooden boxes for cavity-nesting birds. USDA Forest Service Research Note RM-381.

GATZ, T. A., R. QUANRUD, AND R. RANDELL. 1981. A mated pair of eastern and mountain bluebirds in North Dakota. Prairie Naturalist 13:31.

GAUTHIER, G., AND B. PETERSON. 1985. Nest site use by cavity-nesting birds of the Cariboo Parkland, British Columbia. Wilson Bulletin 97:319-331.

GEISSLER, P. H. AND B. R. NOON. 1981. Estimates of avian population trends from the North American breeding bird survey. Studies in Avian Biology 6:42-51.

GERMOND, F. 1991. Orphans and foster parents. Sialia 13:24.

GIBBS, E. E. 1977. An eastern bluebird trail. Oriole 42:79-80.

GIBSON, L. 1993. Breeding the Mexican bluebird. Aviculture Magazine 99:12-16.

GILBERTSON, S. L. 1991. New PVC house attracts bluebirds, not sparrows. Sialia 13:93-97.

_____. 1993. PVC nest box update. Sialia 15:131-135.

GILLIS, E. 1989. Western bluebirds, tree swallows and violet-green swallows west of the Cascade Mountains in Oregon, Washington and Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Sialia 11:127-130.

_____, AND H. W. PRESCOTT. 1985. An analysis of western bluebird double and triple nest box research on Chehalem and Parrett Mountains in 1982. Sialia 7:123-130,146.

GINSBURG, A. 1997. Bluebird trail: Route 20 focus for the return of a NYS symbol. Conservationist 52(1):2-5.

GIROUX, J. 1988. Programme de reinsertion du merle-bleu a poitrine rouge. Carnets de Zoologie 48:58-66.

GOLDBERG, M. 1969. Black-capped chickadee takes over bluebird nest. Loon. 41:131.

GOLDMAN, P. 1975. Hunting behavior of eastern bluebirds. Auk 92:798-801.

GOLLOP, J. B., editor. 1984. The spring migration, March 1-May 31, 1984, prairie provinces region. American Birds 38:925-927.

GOSSELIN, M., editor. 1983. The spring migration, March 1-May 31, 1983, Quebec region. American Birds 37:849-850.

GOURLAY, V. M. 1979. A sheltered feeder for bluebirds. Sialia 1:144-145.

GOWATY, P. A. 1980. The origin of mating system variability and behavioral and demographic correlates of the mating system of eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Dissertation, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA.

_____. 1981. The aggression of breeding eastern bluebirds towards each other and intra- and inter-specific intruders. Animal Behaviour 29:1013-1027.

_____. 1981. An extension of the Orians-Verner-Willson Model to account for mating systems besides polygyny. American Naturalist 118:581-589.

_____. 1983. Male parental care and apparent monogamy among eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). American Naturalist 121:149-157.

_____. 1983. Overlap of two broods of eastern bluebirds in the same nest and brood reduction. Wilson Bulletin 95:148-150.

_____. 1984. House sparrows kill eastern bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithology 55:378-380.

_____. 1985. Bluebird belligerence. Natural History 94:8,12.

_____. 1991. Facultative manipulation of sex ratios in birds: rare or rarely observed? Current Ornithology 8:141-171.

_____, AND W. C. BRIDGES. 1991. Nestbox availability affects extra-pair fertilizations and conspecific nest parasitism in eastern bluebirds. Animal Behaviour 41:661-675.

_____, AND _____. 1991. Behavioral, demographic, and environmental correlates of extra pair fertilization in eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Behavioral Ecology 2:339-350.

_____, AND J. A. GUINAN. 1997. Male behavior: facultative response to variation in female foraging skill in bluebirds, Sialia sialis and S. mexicana. Advances in Ethology. 32:233+.

_____, AND A. A. KARLIN. 1984. Multiple maternity and paternity in single broods of apparently monogamous eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 5:91-96.

_____, AND J. H. PLISSNER. 1997. Breeding dispersal of eastern bluebirds depends on nesting success but not on removal of old nests: an experimental study. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:323-330.

_____, _____, AND J. D. LANHAM. 1987. Does feeding rate influence fledging in eastern bluebirds? American Zoologist 27:18A.

_____, _____, AND T. G. WILLIAMS. 1989. Behavioural corretates of uncertain parentage; mate guarding and nest guarding by eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Animal Behaviour 38:272-284.

_____, AND S. J. WAGNER. 1988. Breeding season aggression of female and male eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) to models of potential conspecific and interspecific egg dumpers. Ethology 78:238-250.

GOWER, C. 1936. The cause of blue color as found in the bluebird and the blue jay. Auk 3:178-185.

GRABER, J. W., AND R. R. GRABER. 1979. Severe winter weather and bird populations in southern Illinois. Wilson Bulletin 91:88-103.

_____, _____, AND E. L. KIRK. 1971. Illinois birds: Turdidae. Illinois Natural History Survey, Biological Notes No. 75.

GRANT, G. 1979. Plantings for bluebirds and other wildlife. Sialia 1:119-123.

GRANT, G. N. 1988. Which nesting box should I use? Top opening, front opening, side opening. Sialia (Tenth Anniversary):11-12.

GRASS, A. 1970. Notes on pair of mountain bluebirds feeding young. Murrelet 51:13.

GREEN, J. C. and R. B. JANSSEN. 1975. Minnesota birds: where, when and how many. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

GREEN, M. 1984. A simple manual trap for house sparrows. Sialia 6:8-11.

_____. 1990. A quick closing solenoid trap for house sparrows. Sialia 12:23-25.

GREEN, M. M., JR. 1986. A progress report on a starling-proof winter feeding station for bluebirds. Sialia 8:56-59.

_____. 1987. Six volt circuit monitors bluebirds' winter roosting. Sialia 9:127-132.

GREEN, R. C. 1997. Albino eastern bluebirds. Nebraska Bird Review 65:41.

_____. 1997. A nature note from Nebraska. North American Bird Bander 22:43.

GRIMM, W. C. 1967. A case of mate-changing by nesting bluebirds. Chat 31:76.

GRINNELL, J. 1904. Midwinter birds at Palm Springs, California. Condor 6:44.

_____, J. J. DIXON, AND J. M. LINSDALE. 1930. Vertebrate natural history of a section of northern California through the Lassen Peak region. University of California Publications in Zoology 35:1-594.

_____, AND J. LINSDALE. 1936. Vertebrate animals of Point Lobos Reserve, 1935-36. Carnegie Institute Publication 481, Carnegie Institution of Washingon, Washington, D.C., USA.

_____, AND T. I. STORER. 1924. Animal life at Yosemite. University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA.

GRONDAHL, C. 1996. The blues brothers. North Dakota Outdoors. 58:9.

GROOMS, S., AND D. PETERSON. 1991. Bluebirds! NorthWord Press, Minocqua, Wisconsin, USA.

GROPIUS, I. 1947. Queer bird behavior. Bulletin of the Massachusetts Audubon Society 31:235.

GROSS, A. O. 1968. Albinistic eggs of some North American birds. Bird-Banding 39:50-52.

GROUT, C. M. 1924. Obedient bluebirds. Bird-Lore 26:118.

GUILLORY, H. D., C. M. ALLEN, C. H. STAGG, AND S. D. PARRIS. 1989. Seasonal densities of eastern bluebirds of western Louisiana pinelands. Sialia 11:139-141.

GUTZKE, T. W. 1981. A hand-net capture technique for eastern bluebirds. North American Bird Bander 6:133-135.

_____. 1982. A review of capture techniques for eastern bluebirds. Sialia 4:83-89.

_____. 1983. A nestbox restricter as a management tool for eastern bluebirds. Sialia 5:3-5.

_____. 1983. Eastern bluebird at Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. New Jersey Audubon 9:46-49.


HAECKER, F. W. 1948. A nesting study of the mountain bluebird in Wyoming. Condor 50:216-219.

HAGERMAN, D. 1988. Nesting box entrance hole size preferred by mountain bluebirds. Sialia 10:83-86, 92.

HALVORSEN, H. H., AND B. R. BACON. 1983. Use of a bluebird nest box trail by tree swallows in central Wisconsin. Passenger Pigeon 45:117-124.

HAMILTON, R. B., AND E. NOBLE. 1975. Plant succession and interactions with fauna. In Management of Forests and Range Habitats for Non-game Birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-1.

HAMILTON, W. J. 1943. Nesting of the eastern bluebird. Auk 60:91-94.

HAMMOND, B. 1998. Random observations on attracting bluebirds. Sialia 20:137-139

HAND, R. L. 1939. Notes on some birds nesting in northern Idaho. Condor 41:84.

HARDIN, K., AND K. E. EVANS. 1977. Cavity nesting bird habitat in the oak-hickory forest.-- a review. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report NC-30.

HARPER, W. T. 1926. A bluebird's nest. Bird-Lore 28:187-190.

HARRIS, B. 1990. Eastern bluebirds survive minus 20 degree weather in Day County. South Dakota Bird Notes 42:62.

HARRIS, M. A. 1982. Habitat use among woodpeckers in forest burns. Thesis, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, USA.

HARTLEY, G. L. 1989. Brown-headed nuthatch evicts eastern bluebirds. Sialia 11:135.

HARTSHORNE, J. M. 1962. Behavior of the eastern bluebird at the nest. Living Bird 1:131-149.

_____. 1962. The development of the eastern bluebirds vocal repertoire. Biological Prototypes Synthetic Systems 1:49.

HAVERA, S. P. AND N. G. HAVERA. 1983. Kestrel preys on nestling bluebird. Sialia 5:93-94.

HAYES, D. 1985. Unusual western bluebird eggs. Western Birds 16:146.

HAYES, D. J., R. R. FELTON, AND R. R. COHEN. 1985. A natural occurrence of foster parenting by a female mountain bluebird. Auk 102:191-193.

HEBERT, C. E., D. V. WESELOH, L. KOT AND V. GLOOSEHENKO. 1994. Organochlorine contaminants in a terrestrial foodweb on the Niagara Peninsula, Ontario, Canada 1987-1989. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxology 26:356-366.

HEDGES, S. 1994. Utah's bluebirds. Utah Birds 10:7-8.

HEGNER. R. W. 1899. Photographing a bluebird. Bird-Lore 1:43-44.

_____. 1907. Clay bird-houses and bird-baths. Bird-Lore 9:69-72.

HEILMAN, J. R. 1982. Bluebird rescue. Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Books. New York, New York, USA.

HEMPEL, K. M. 1919. Notes on nesting bluebirds and house wrens. Bird-Lore 21:173-174.

HENDERSON, J. 1903. Mountain bluebird increasing in Boulder, Colorado. Wilson Bulletin 15:74-75.

HENNY, C. J., R. A. OLSON, AND D. L. MEEKER. 1977. Residues in common flicker and mountain bluebird eggs one year after a DDT application. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 18:115-122.

HENSLEY, R. C., AND K. G. SMITH. 1986. Eastern bluebird responses to nocturnal black rat snake nest predation. Wilson Bulletin 98:602-603.

HERBEL, M. H. 1924. A persistent bluebird. Bird-Lore 26:118.

HERLUGSON, C. J. 1978. Comments on the status and distribution of western and mountain bluebirds in Washington. Western Birds 9:21-32.

_____. 1980. Biology of sympatric populations of western and mountain bluebirds. Dissertation, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington. USA.

_____. 1981. Nest site selection in mountain bluebirds. Condor 83:252-255.

_____. 1982. Foods of adult and nestling western and mountain bluebirds. Murrelet 63:59-65.

_____. 1983. Growth of nestling mountain bluebirds. Journal of Field Ornithology 52:259-265.

_____. 1983. Hover-foraging by western bluebirds. Murrelet 64:58-60.

HERRICK, R. H. 1901. The home life of wild birds. G. P. Putnams & Sons, New York, New York, USA.

HERSEY, F. S. 1933. Notes on tree swallows and bluebirds. Auk 50:109-110.

HIEMENZ, N. M., R. D. VOTH, AND G. W. FRIEDRICH. 1935. Mountain bluebirds in Minnesota. Auk 52:456-457.

HILLER, M. C., AND J. BOOZER. 1982. Successful transplantation of orphaned bluebird nestlings. Sialia 4:60-61.

HIRSCHI, R. 1989. The mountain bluebird. Cobblehill Books/Dutton, New York, New York, USA.

HODGE, C. F. 1904. A summer with the bluebirds. Bird-Lore 6:41-46.

HOFFMANN, R. L. 1986. Experimental snake guard: scent tube leads snakes astray. Sialia 8:3-5.

HOFFMANN, W., AND H. PLETZ. 1988. Mountain bluebirds show fidelity to nesting boxes and maintenance of pair bonding. Alberta Naturalist 18:101.

HOLLIMAN, D. C. 1997. Eastern bluebird (Sialia sialis) studies during the construction of a golfing community in North Shelby County, Alabama. Alabama Birdlife. 43:7-21.

HOLT, R. F., AND K. MARTIN. 1997. Landscape modification and patch selection: the demography of two secondary cavity nesters colonizing clearcuts. Auk 114:443-455.

HOOVEN, E. F. 1969. The influence of forest succession on population of small animals in western Oregon. In Wildlife and Reforestation in the Pacific Northwest, Proceeding Symposium. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.

HORN, C. L. 1969. Unusual bluebird nesting site. Loon 41:91-92.

HORN, D. J., M. BENNINGER-TRUAX, AND D. W. ULASZEWSKI. 1996. The influence of habitat characteristics on nestbox selection by eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) and four competitors. Ohio Journal of Science 96:57+.

HORN, W. 1985. A possible female eastern bluebird in Edmonton. Alberta Naturalist 15:106.

HOTCHKISS, O., AND A. PRESSNELL. 1979. Eastern bluebird nesting at Columbia. Migrant 50:36-37.

HOUGH, F. N. 1964. The thrushes (Turdidae): their occurrence in Ulster County, New York. John Burroughs Natural History Society, Research Records Committee Bulletin No. 7.

HOUSTON, C. S. 1977. The prairie bluebird trail. Nature Canada 6(2):3-9.

HOUSTON, D. V. 1971. The prairie bluebird house trail. Inland Bird Banding Association News. 43:58-61.

HOUSTON, M. I. 1982. Effects of a late May snowstorm on mountain bluebird and tree swallow nesting. Blue Jay 40:206-207.

_____. 1984. Mountain bluebirds in Saskatchewan. Sialia 6:57-59.

_____, AND C.S. HOUSTON. 1987. Tree swallow banding near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. North American Bird Bander. 12:103-108.

_____, AND _____. 1998. Mountain bluebird productivity near Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Sialia 20:123-125.

HOWELL, T. R. 1965. New subspecies of birds from the lowland pine savanna of northeastern Nicaragua. Auk 82:438-464.

HSU, M., AND M. J. HUMPERT. 1988. Use of artificial nest cavities along Ohio interstate highways by bluebirds (Sialia sialis) and mice (Peromyscus sp.). Ohio Journal of Science 88:151-154.

_____, AND T. J. PETERLE. 1989. Use of artificial nest cavities along Ohio interstate highways by bluebirds (Sialia sialis) and mice (Peromyscus sp.). Ohio Journal of Science 89:44.

HUBBARD, J. P. 1965. The summer birds of the forests of the Mongollon Mountains. Condor 67:404-415.

HUBBARD, M. E. 1907. Bluebird tenants. Bird-Lore 9:11-15.

_____. 1909. A second season of bluebird tenants. Bird-Lore 11:63-70.

HUBER, J. 1981. Note on use of multiflora rose hips by bluebirds. Sialia 3:51.

_____. 1992. Disappearing bluebird eggs? A possible culprit. Sialia 14:65-66.

_____. 1993. Bluebirds fledge from a sparrow's nest. Sialia 15:23.

HUGH, D. A. 1988. Home range and habitat use of eastern bluebirds on the Savanna River Plant, South Carolina. Thesis, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA.

HUGHES, R. D. 1995. Mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides), 29 October, 1994, Lakeshore Drive, Ozaukee County. Passenger Pigeon 57:126-127.

HUMBLA, S. 1992. A perch for bluebirds. Sialia 14:9-12.

HUNGERFORD, B. S., E. H. STUDIERM, E. J. SZUCH, G. L. PACE, AND S. TAYLOR. 1993. Aspects of caloric, nitrogen and mineral nutrition during growth in nestling eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Comparative Physiology 106:385-389.

HUNTER, S. A. 1989. Aspartic acid racemization in tendons as an indication of age in three avian species. Dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, USA.

HURST, G. A. 1980. Possible predation by ants on nestlings in nesting boxes. Mississippi Kite 10:3-4.

_____. 1980. Did fire ants destroy two broods of bluebirds? Sialia 2:139,168.

_____. 1983. Use of nesting boxes on young loblolly pine plantations. In snag Habitat Management: Proceedings of the Symposium. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM-99.

_____. 1983. Eastern bluebird production in nesting boxes in pine plantations. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 35:100-105.

_____. 1991. Feeding station for nestling bluebirds. Sialia 13:27.

_____, R. C. WARREN, AND M. Y. GRANT. 1979. Nesting box trails on clearcut pine plantations. Sialia 1:46-51.

HURST, M. R. 1984. Bluebird nest box usage in southeastern Kentucky. Pages 176-187 in W. C. McComb, editor. Proceedings of the Workshop on Management of Nongame Species and Ecological Communities.

HUTCHINGS, D. 1991. Guard foils predators. Sialia 13:68-69.

HUTCHINSON, G. E. 1943. The philosophical natural history of the bluebird and the color of its eggs. American Scientist 31:355.

HYLAND, K. E. AND H. G. FORD. 1962. Sternostoma sialiphilus from the nasal passages of the eastern bluebird. Journal of Parasitology 47:101-104.


IDZIKOWSKI, J. 1988. Mountain bluebird (Sialia currucoides) 20, December 1987, Milwaukee County, Cudahy, the parkway between Sheridan and Warnimart Parks. Passenger Pigeon 50:271-272.

INGOLD, D. J. 1996. Between-year nest site fidelity in eastern bluebirds in Ohio. Sialia. 18:43-47.

_____, AND R. J. DENSMORE. 1992. Competition between European starlings and native woodpeckers for nest cavities in Ohio. Sialia 14:43-48.

ILNICKY, N. J. 1984. Mountain bluebird in upper Michigan. Jack-Pine Warbler 62:50.


Page 1: A thru I
Page 2: J thru R
Page 3: S thru Z

This bibliography webpage was created by a friend of the bluebirds:
L. R. Lattimer, A.W.B.
SUNY Cobleskill, Cobleskill, NY, USA

 

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