on-line bibliography is compilation of most articles written about the
bluebirds of the genus Sialia, up to the end of 1998. It is based
on the hard copy updated and funded by the State University of New York
at Cobleskill by Leon R. Lattimer, Nancy E. Niles, and Theodore W.
articles are grouped alphabetically by author and listed under the
following three pages:
Page 1: A thru I
Page 2: J thru R
Page 3: S thru Z
S. 1990. Tufted titmouse egg successfully fostered in bluebird nest.
S. 1993. Bluebird monitoring in Illinois. Sialia 15:137-139.
C. S. 1988. Cavity-nesting birds of North America: Past history, present
status, and future prospects. Bird Conservation International 3:85-100.
P. N. 1976. Nesting adaptations of bluebirds on surface mined lands.
Kentucky Warbler 52:1-2.
1979. Reclaimed surface mines: potential nesting sites for bluebirds.
B. 1996. A report on the bluebirds in Spencer, Massachusets. Bird
T. A. 1978. Unusual mortality of a red squirrel in a bluebird house.
Jack-Pine Warbler 56:45-46.
A. A. 1930. Gentle bluebirds story. Bird-Lore 32:151-159.
D. H. 1988. Home range and habitat use of eastern bluebirds on the
Savanna River plant, South Carolina. Thesis, Clemson University,
Clemson, South Carolina, USA.
AND J. R. SWEENEY. 1989. A transmitter package for eastern bluebirds.
F. J. 1971. Great crested flycatcher observed copulating with an
immature eastern bluebird. Wilson Bulletin 83:312.
T. 1996. An experimental test of the function of sticks in the nests of
house wrens. Condor 98:841-844.
R. E. 1975. The effect of clear-cutting on bird and small mammal
populations. Dissertation, University of Tennessee, Knoxville,
R. W., AND E. E. BOCK. 1979. A Christmas bird count analysis of bluebird
abundance patterns and population trends. Sialia l:10-14.
A. W. 1889. New birds from lower California, Mexico. Proceedings of the
California Academy of Science Series 2:73-82.
P., AND V. M. BAULDRY. 1997. Corroboration of the North American
Breeding Bird Survey for eastern bluebirds. North American Bird Bander
AREHART-TREICHEL, J. 1983. Science helps the bluebird. Science News
K. 1981. Prince Albert bluebird trail report-1981. Blue Jay 39:224-225.
AND K. HRUSKA. 1983. Prince Albert bluebird trail report-1982. Blue Jay
D. 1990. Eastern bluebird encouraged to return to southern Quebec.
ATKINSON, B. 1974. Fewer bluebirds are heralding spring's return.
ATKINSON, C. A. 1990. Eastern bluebird nesting success in parkway
systems of large municipalities. Pennsylvania Birds 4:45-46.
ATKINSON, C. U. 1980. The bluebird program at Tyler Arboretum, Lima, PA.
D. D., AND M. L. PERRY. 1979. Birds in six communities within a
lodgepole pine forest. Journal of Forestry 77:584-586.
AYLESWORTH, A. 1984. Large box openings can be curse or blessing. Sialia
1987. Mountain x western bluebird hybrids. Sialia 9:9,21.
1987. Breeding biology of western bluebirds in western Montana. Sialia
BACKHOUSE, F. 1986. Bluebird revival. A heart-warming comeback from the
brink of extinction. Canadian Geographic 106:33-39.
C., AND S. A. ELIOT, JR. 1937. Birds of the Connecticut Valley in
Massachusetts. The Hampshire Bookshop, Northampton, Massachusetts, USA.
E. S. 1993. Predator problems. Siala 15:65-66
S. F., T. M. BREWER, AND R. RIDGWAY. 1974. A history of North American
birds: Land Birds, Vol. 1. Little, Brown & Co., Boston, Massachusetts,
R. H. 1942. A bird tragedy. Auk 59:440.
R. P. 1969. Foliage use by birds of the oak-juniper woodlands and
ponderosa-pine forest in southeastern Arizona. Condor 71:399-412.
1975. Vegetation structure and breeding bird. In Proceedings of the
Symposium of Management of Forest and Range Habitats for Nongame Birds.
USDA Forest Service General Technical Report WO-1., Washington D.C.,
1987. Avian impacts on pinyon-juniper woodland USDA Forest Service
General Technical Report Int. No. 215:525-533.
W. S. GAND, AND J. D. BRAWN. 1983. Predictive models for snag nesting
birds. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report RM No. 99:216-222.
P. H. 1968. Predator-prey relationships of birds and spruce beetles.
Proceedings of the North Central Branch of the Entomological Society of
O. 1898. Some new races of birds from eastern North America. Auk
D. P. 1976. Male response to apparent female adultery in the mountain
bluebird: an evolutionary interpretation. American Naturalist
1980. Reply to Power. American Naturalist 116:710-711.
C. A., R. J. ROBERTSON, AND P. T. BOAG. 1996. The high frequency of
extra-pair paternity in tree swallows is not an artifact of nestboxes.
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 38:425-430.
T. A. 1993. Noel guard stops raccoons. Sialia 15:136.
1994. Foster parents. Sialia 16:142.
1996. Update on Noel guards. Sialia 18:11.
K. 1991. Nesting mountain bluebirds. Loon 63:207-208.
1977. Impact of human visitations on avian nesting success. Living Bird
K. E. 1981. Bluebird trail raises tree swallows. Passenger Pigeon
BARTLETT, W. A. 1941. Taming bluebirds. Oologist 58:142-144.
L. 1987. Oklahoma's bluebird trails project. Sialia 9:63-65.
W. 1992. Note on nesting eastern bluebirds. North American Bird Bander
V. M., AND D. BEIMBORN. 1995. Bluebird returns near Green Bay,
Wisconsin, 1967-1995. North American Bird Bander 20:145.
_____, AND P. ARCESE. 1996. Return rates of migrating adult eastern
bluebirds in relation to sex, winter weather and population size. North
American Bird Bander 21:129-137.
D. M. MUSCHITZ, L. A. RADUNZEL, AND P. ARCESE. 1995. A 27-year study of
eastern bluebirds in Wisconsin: productivity, juvenile return rates and
dispersal outside the study area. North American Bird Bander 20:111-119.
J. R. 1979. Bluebirds in Erie County, PA. Sialia 1:115-118.
1982. House sparrows shun this nesting box. Sialia 4:137-138.
1915. Food of the robins and bluebirds of the United States. U.S.
Department of Agriculture Biological Survey Bulletin 171.
J. C., AND P. R. TRAIL. 1991. Scincella lateralis (ground skink)
predation. Herpetological Review 22:99.
P. A. 1944. One season of bluebirds. Flicker 16:62-64.
R., AND C. S. DAVIDSON. 1967. Influence of spraying with carbaryl on
nesting success in a sample of birdboxes on Cape Cod in 1965.
S. B. 1974. Relationship between insectivorous hole-nesting birds and
forest management. Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental
D. 1995. Bluebirds return to central Minneapolis. North American Bird
M. 1966. After 50 years, the eastern bluebird nests again at Regina.
Blue Jay 24:187-189.
T., JR. 1967. Bluebirds in New York. New York State College of
Agriculture, 4-H Bulletin M-5-7.
BELLES-ISLES, J. C., AND J. PICMAN. 1996. House wren nest-destroying
behavior. Condor 88:190-193.
C. G. 1981. Seasonal ethograms of the eastern bluebird, Sialia sialis,
near Clemson, South Carolina. Thesis, Clemson University, Clemson, South
W., AND H. BENDER. 1983. Bluebird feeds chickadee young. Sialia 5:125.
C. 1949. Life histories of North American thrushes, kinglets, and their
allies. U.S. National Museum Bulletin No. 199, Washington, D.C., USA.
W. H. 1912. October birds of the headwaters of the Gila River. Auk
K. L. 1990. Field tests of predator-deterrent nest box devices for
acceptance by cavity nesting birds. Sialia 12:123-128.
1991. Field tests of the "Bird Guardian" commercial predator deterrent.
1995. Comparison of use of several styles of nest boxes by cavity
nesting birds. Sialia 17:127-135.
1997. Extract from Research Committee report for annual meeting,
Burlington, Ontario, 12 September 1996. Sialia 19:69.
1998. Dissecting the Peterson nest box. Sialia 20:11-13.
1998. Observations on pairing bluebird nest
boxes. Sialia 20:49-50.
AND A. J. BROWN. 1994. 1993 nesting box report. Sialia 16:83-88, 98.
D. J. CLARK, F. J. MACDOUGALL, AND J. AMBERT. 1992. 1991 nesting box
report. Sialia 14:49-54.
D. MCGETTIGAN, AND S. KRIEGER. 1990. Testing a raccoon's ability to raid
a nest box. Sialia 12:83-87.
AND A. S. MALLETE. 1993. 1992 nesting box report. Sialia 15:43-48.
AND D. R. MOORE. 1997. 1996 nesting box report. Sialia. 19:95-98.
AND V. A. PLEINES. 1993. Field tests of several styles of bluebird nest
AND B. S. SMITH. 1995. 1994 nest box report. Sialia 17:89-95.
AND _____. 1996. 1995 nesting box report. Sialia 18:94-99.
J. D. WIGEN, J. A. GRINDROD, AND N. E. NILES. 1991. 1990 nesting box
report. Sialia 13:45-49.
T. 1980. Natural perches of bluebirds. Sialia 2:108-109.
R. A. 1988. Bluebirds at Abernethy, Saskatchewan: history and 1988
results. Blue Jay 46:215-218.
1990. Effect of temperature on bluebird and swallow nesting dates. Blue
1993. Bluebird nest boxes: unusual designs. Blue Jay 51:49-51.
1997. Experimental nest boxes for bluebirds: an update. Sialia 19:92-94.
C. C. 1998. Entrance slot attitude preferences of eastern bluebirds.
1998. 1997 nesting box report. Sialia 20:88-93,101.
J. A. 1970. An eastern bluebird recorded in southern Nassau County, Long
Island. Engelhardtia 3:42.
BLACKBURN, K. 1991. A bird in the bush. Sialia 13:23-24.
1991. Plantings for bluebirds and other wildlife. Sialia 13:99-103.
C. H. 1954. Death of a bluebird. Bird-Banding 25:59.
L. 1993. Netting saves nestlings from snakes. Sialia 15:22.
W. M. 1990. Geographic variation in foraging ecologies of breeding and
nonbreeding birds in oak woodlands. Studies in Avian Biology 13:264-269.
H. D. 1982. Mountain bluebird in Illinois. Illinois Audubon Bulletin
1905. Protection for bird tenants. Bird-Lore 7:178.
D. D. 1979. Bluebird, what do you eat? Sialia 1:30-31.
1981. Reducing predation of bluebird trails. Sialia 3:43-48.
1982. Managing trails for bluebird-swallow balance. Sialia 4:10-11.
J. E. 1984. Bluebird posture: understanding bluebird behavior. Sialia
J. C. 1986. First sighting of mountain bluebird reported from western
North Carolina. Chat 50:54.
B. S. 1890. Sialia - Mus. Oologist 7:140.
B. L. 1960. Notes on a successful bluebird nest. Oriole 25:48.
R. L. 1976. Abundance of tree cavities for wildlife in a Michigan red
maple flood plain forest. Jack-Pine Warbler 54:155-158.
M. 1984. Mountain bluebird at Appleton. Passenger Pigeon 46:45.
J. D. 1984. Defense of nest boxes by western bluebirds during the
post-breeding period. Condor 86:494-495.
1985. Population biology, community structure, and habitat selection of
birds in ponderosa pine habitat. Dissertation, Northern Arizona
University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA.
1987. Nest boxes and western bluebirds in Arizona's pine forests. Sialia
1987. Density effects on reproduction of cavity nesters in northern
Arizona. Auk 104:783-787.
1988. Selectivity and ecological consequences of cavity nesters using
natural vs. artificial nest sites. Auk 105:789-791.
1990. Interspecific competition and social behavior in violet-green
swallows. Auk 107:606-608.
1991. Environmental effects on variation and co-variation in
reproductive traits of western bluebirds. Oecologia 86:193-201.
AND R. P. BALDA. 1988. Population biology of cavity nesters in northern
Arizona: do nest sites limit breeding densities? Condor 90:61-71.
W. J. BOECKLEN, AND R. P. BALDA. 1987. Investigations of density
interactions amoung breeding birds in ponderosa pine forests:
correlative and experimental evidence. Oecologia 72:348-357.
BRETHWAITE, C. O. 1984. Bluebird trail, Springton Reservoir, Delaware
County, Pa. 1972- 1983. Cassinia 60:50.
R., AND L. SWANDER. 1977. Life history factors affecting the intrinsic
rate of natural increase of birds of the deciduous forest biome. Wilson
BREWSTER, W. 1885. Preliminary notes on some birds obtained in Arizona
by Mr. F. Stephens in 1884. Auk 2:84-85.
E. M. 1946. Some early nesting records of bluebirds in 1945 and 1946.
Jack-Pine Warbler 24:96-98.
J. D. 1987. Adoptez une nichee de merle-bleu a poitrine rouge. Carnets
de Zoologie 47:10-11.
H. J. 1938. Nesting and re-mating of a pair of bluebirds. Auk
J. H. 1995. Broken necks and bluebirds. Sialia 17:27-28.
A. J. 1981. Juvenile eastern bluebirds participating in nest buildings.
J. D. 1988. Selectivity and ecological consequences of cavity nesters
using natural vs. artificial nest sites. Auk 105:789-791.
BROWNING, F. D. 1988. An easier way to build nesting boxes. Sialia
P. 1982. A season of bluebirds. Conservationist 36(5):11-13.
L. 1978. Specialized habitat requirements of birds: snag management, old
growth and riparian habitat. In Workshop on Nongame Bird Management in
the Coniferous Forests of western United States. USDA Forest Service
General Technical Report PNW-64.
BULLERMAN, J. 1992. Easy-to-clean nest box. Sialia 14:125-127
S. 1981. The bluebird project-Part 1. Monthly Bulletin of the Bermuda
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries 52:3-5
1981. The bluebird project-Part 2. Monthly Bulletin of the Bermuda
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries 52:12-14.
B. P. 1979. Nesting boxes and platforms for birds. Sialia 1:150-163.
BUSCHHAUS, N. L. 1997. The relationship of steroid hormones and breeding
behavior in eastern bluebirds, Sialia sialis. Dissertation, Ohio
State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.
C. S. 1980. A time and energy budget study of the eastern bluebird
during the breeding season. Thesis, Rutgers University, New Brunswick,
New Jersey, USA.
G. 1988. Incubation period of the eastern bluebird and the American
robin. Birdscope 2:10-11
A. G. 1907. The bluebird in captivity. Avicultural Magazine 6:50-53.
A. W. 1898. The birds of Indiana. Indiana Department of Geology &
Natural Resources, Annual Report 22:515-1197.
R. 1978. First Alberta record of an eastern bluebird. Blue Jay 36:41.
1978. Migration patterns and occurrences of robins, thrushes, and
mountain bluebirds in the Calgary area, 1961-1977. Calgary Field
CADDELL, A. B. 1992. The
success of mountain and western bluebird nesting boxes in Montana.
Proceedings of the Montana Academy of Sciences 52:140.
L. A., AND W. R. MARION. 1991. Artificial addition of snags and nest
boxes to slash pine plantations. Journal of Field Ornithology 62:97-106.
W. A. 1970. Use of a dipper nest by mountain bluebird. Condor 72:498.
CAMPBELL, I. L. 1982. Experimental nesting box designed to reduce
blowfly parasitism. Sialia 4:49-51.
1984. Improved design for experimental nesting box. Sialia 6:70.
P. R. AND J. H. POPPINO. 1978. Accounting for non-game bird habitat in
land use planning. In Workshop on Nongame Bird Habitat Management in the
Coniferous Forests of the Western United States. USDA Forest Service
General Technical Report PNW-64.
D. J. 1976. Bio-environmental regulation of forest insect populations.
Thesis, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan, USA.
T., AND C. J. GOIN. 1965. Bluebirds feeding mockingbird nestlings.
Wilson Bulletin 7:405-407.
J. 1992. Nesting success of eastern bluebirds in Myles Standish State
Forest. Bird Observer. 20:196-200.
M. S. 1938. Build a bluebird house. Migrant 9:88-89.
T. W. 1979. The Hinton, Alberta, bluebird trail, 1976 - 1979. Blue Jay
W. A. 1971. Another new bird for Oklahoma: western bluebird. Bulletin -
Oklahoma Ornithological Society 4:36-37.
1972. Second western bluebird record for Oklahoma. Bulletin - Oklahoma
Ornithological Society 4:33.
1981. Nesting of the eastern bluebird in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma.
Bulletin - Oklahoma Ornithological Society 14:9-13.
A. 1990. PVC plastic elbow attachment: a raccoon, feral cat, flying
squirrel deterrent. Sialia 12:69.
K. 1992. Bluebird helpers. Sialia 14:144.
CHANCE, P. 1996. Up up and away: the
elevator post. Sialia 18:63-64,67.
J., AND F. CHAPLIN. 1987. Female bluebird competition for nesting boxes.
L. B. 1942. Recovery of bluebirds banded as fledglings. Bird-Banding
W., E. H. BURTT, AND D. E. JOHNSTON. 1983. Invertebrate fauna of eastern
bluebird nests. Sialia 5:53-57.
CHRISTMAN, H. 1924. Bluebird vs. downy. Bird-Lore 26:118-119.
J. P. 1982. Southernmost nesting record for the mountain bluebird.
Western Birds 13:35.
L. 1991. Breeding recovery of a Kansas eastern bluebird banded as a
nestling. Bulletin-Kansas Ornithological Society 42:30-31.
H. W. 1935. Fire and bird populations. Condor 37:16-18.
J. 1904. A plea for bird-boxes. Bird-Lore 6:66.
R. 1987. Getting to know bluebirds. Connecticut Warbler 7:19-20.
R. R. 1976. Nest-site selection by the tree swallow and its avian
competitors in the Colorado Mountains: initial findings. Journal of the
Colorado-Wyoming Academy of Science 8:73.
1984. Reinforcing nest boxes with galvanized wire cable. Sialia 6:48-49.
1998. An elongate, thick, wooden predator guard with a large, steep
entrance hole. Sialia 20:83-87.
H. 1995. Bluebirds use a mealworm box. Sialia 17:67.
COMSTOCK, F. 1988. Connecticut bluebirds. Connecticut Warbler 8:55-56.
R. N. 1978. Snag management for cavity nesting birds. In Management of
Southern Forests for Nongame Birds. USDA Forest Service General
Technical Report SE-14.
AND C. S. ADKISSON. 1974. Eastern bluebirds nesting in clearcuts.
Journal of Wildlife Management 38:934-935.
C. C. 1992. Spring weather can be a killer. Sialia 14:83-84
C., AND P. KNAPPEN. 1939. Food of some uncommon North American birds.
COUSINEAU, M., AND W. MORSE. 1986. Comparison of an established bluebird
trail to new trails. Sialia 8:83-85.
S. R. 1991. The other things that live in bird houses. Passenger Pigeon
N. 1904. The mountain bluebird in Manitoba. Ottawa Naturalist 18:85-86.
1927. Habits of the mountain bluebird in Manitoba. Canadian
A. S. 1987. Training bluebirds to use a feeder. Sialia 9:145, 132.
K. L., AND S. I. ROTHSTEIN. 1981. Clutch sizes and breeding strategies
among Bermudan and North American passerines. Ibis 13:42-50.
CUNNINGHAM, J. B. 1977. Snags and cavities selected by secondary cavity
nesting birds. Journal of the Arizona Academy of Science 12:8.
K. E. 1991. My test of raccoon guards. Sialia 13:98, 103.
DARLING, C., AND J.
THOMSON-DELANEY. 1993. Bluebirds, blowflies, and parasitic wasps. Sialia
W. H. 1988. Use of TangleTrap to measure snake predation at bluebird
boxes. Sialia 10:87-88.
1989. Bluebirds in the bluegrass prefer wooden boxes. Sialia 11:7.
1991. Foiling house sparrows. Sialia 13:51-53.
1992. Tests of the shallow slot box. Sialia. 14:63-64.
1992. Myths at the bluebird box (?) Sialia 14:123.
1993. More experiments with raccoons. Sialia 15:49-50.
1993. The effects on bluebird productivity of not monitoring boxes.
1993. Tests of a new sparrow-inhibiting box. Sialia 15:127-130.
1994. OK! premature fledging. Sialia 16:52-53.
1995. Raccoons. Bluebird Monitor 9(2):6.
1995. Testing the features of the Peterson box. Sialia 17:135-136.
1997. That remarkable Peterson entrance.
1998. Should you add a wooden predator guard to a nest box? Sialia
AND B BLANKENSHIP. 1995. Colored streamers did not deter house sparrows.
AND _____. 1995. Nesting persistence of house sparrows. Sialia 17:97.
AND D. DOURSON. 1991. Little brown bat, Myotis lucifugus, living
in a bluebird box. Bat Research News 32:4.
AND P. J. KALISZ. 1995. Tests of the Peterson box and Zuern's tree
branch box. Sialia 17:18-19.
_____, AND R. J. WELLS. 1994. Eastern bluebirds prefer boxes containing
old nests. Journal of Field Ornithology 65:250-253.
and W. C. MCCOMB. 1989. Bluebirds and starlings: competition for nest
sites. Sialia 11:123-125, 138.
_____, and P. N. ALLAIRE. 1986. Nest box use by starlings: does it
inhibit bluebird production? Transactions of the Kentucky Academy of
AND K. MACK. 1994. Test of sparrow-inhibiting boxes. Sialia 16:96-98.
AND P. ROCCA. 1995. Bluebirds and their survival. The University Press
of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.
V. E. 1962. What bluebirds eat. Audubon Magazine 64:223-224.
D. 1984. Of bluebirds and snakes. Sialia 6:65-67.
V. 1989. Effects of parasitism by blowfly larvae Protocalliphora
sialis (Diptera: Calliphoridae) on western bluebird (Sialia
mexicana) nestlings. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville,
1984. Bringing back the mountain bluebird. Colorado Outdoors 33:36-39.
1985. Pesticide contamination and eggshell characteristics for mountain
bluebirds in Colorado. North American Bird Bander 10:119-121.
S. L. J. 1992. Update on Bermuda's bluebirds: part one of a three-part
study. Monthly Bulletin of the Bermuda Department of Agriculture and
W. J., AND G. R. WILLNER. 1982. Habitat preference of cavity nesting
birds at Carey Run Sanctuary in Maryland. Maryland Birdlife 38:3-5.
AND C. DEW. 1987. Feeding of nestlings by juvenile eastern bluebirds.
Mississippi Kite 17:23.
_____, AND R. B. LAYTON. 1986. Bluebirds: their daily lives and how to
attract and raise bluebirds. Nature Publishers, Jackson, Mississippi,
D. R., AND A J. VAN ROSSEM. 1930. A new bluebird from El Salvador.
DICKINSON, J. L. 1997. Male detention affects extra-pair copulation
frequency and pair behavior in western bluebirds. Animal Behaviour.
AND J. J. AKRE. 1998. Extra pair paternity, inclusive fitness, and
within-group benefits of helping in western bluebirds. Molecular Ecology
W. D. KOENIG, AND F. A. PITELKA. 1996. Fitness consequences of helping
behavior in the western bluebird. Behavioral Ecology 7:168-177.
AND M. L. LEONARD. 1996. Mate attendance and copulatory behavior in
western bluebirds: evidence of mate guarding. Animal Behavior
H. M. 1995. Cavity nesters on my property: bluebirds, chickadees and
vultures. Sialia 17:70-71.
D. S., A. C. RICH, J. A. PRETARE, AND W. H. PYLE. 1995. Nest-site
relationships among cavity-nesting birds of riparian and snowpocket
aspen woodlands in northwestern Great Basin. Condor 97:674-707.
P. F. JR., T. C. GRUBB, JR. 1996. Effects of high-voltage powerlines on
birds breeding within the powerlines electromagnetic fields. Sialia
R. J. 1989. Bluebirds inside the beltway. Sialia 11:96.
M. W. 1939. A study of the nesting habits and development of the eastern
bluebird. Thesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.
S. L. 1904. Bluebirds. Warbler 2:92.
DRINKWATER, H. 1953. Young bluebird taken from nest box by sparrow hawk.
S., AND J. R. SAUER. 1990. North American breeding bird survey annual
summary 1989. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 90.
D., P. A. GOWATY, AND W. W. WEATHERS. 1991. Sex-biased provisioning: a
test for differences in field metabolic rates of nestling eastern
bluebirds. Condor 93:793-798.
N. S. 1997. Territorial responses to house wrens by Bewick's wrens and
eastern bluebirds: a song playback experiment. Thesis, Albion College,
Albion, Michigan, USA.
1981. The identification of female bluebirds. Birding 13:4-11.
D. C. 1984. 1983 nesting box report. Sialia 6:51-53.
1985. Eastern bluebird population density in the southeastern portion of
its breeding range. Sialia 7:3-10.
1985. 1984 nesting box report. Sialia 7:51-54.
1986. 1985 nesting box report. Sialia 8:53-56.
1987. 1986 nesting box report. Sialia 9:51-55.
AND M. WRIGHT. 1988. 1987 nesting box report. Sialia 10:43-50.
and _____. 1989. 1988 nesting box report. Sialia 11:65-70.
and _____. 1990. 1989 Nesting box report. Sialia 12:47-55.
EAKIN, J. 1983. A study
of the eastern bluebird at the Holden Arboretum, Lake County, Ohio.
W. R. 1960. Eating of tree seeds by birds in central Oregon. Oregon
Forest Research Center, Corvallis, Research Note 42.
R. P. 1996. Arthropods in bluebird (Sialia sialis) nest boxes.
Virginia Journal of Science. 47:95.
J. M. 1926. Mountain bluebird in Whatcom County, Washington. Murrelet.
M. W. AND W. D. KOENIG. 1992. Gopher snake attraction to birds' nests.
Southwestern Naturalist. 37:293-298.
G. D. 1988. April 1987 snowstorm-related bird mortality in upper east
Tennessee. Migrant 59:115.
K. L., AND J. R. PARRISH. 1988. A case of leucism in the western
bluebird (Sialia mexicana). Great Basin Naturalist 48:75-77.
ELPHINSTONE, D. 1986. A bluebird hat trick in Alberta. Alberta
E. SPALDING, AND J. BARGMAN. 1984. First recorded breeding in Alberta of
the western bluebird. Alberta Naturalist 14:97-98.
ELTZROTH, E. K. 1981. Incomplete albinism in a western bluebird
nestling. Oregon Birds 7:134.
1983. Breeding biology and mortality of western bluebirds near
Corvallis, Oregon. Sialia 2:67-71.
1990. Update: observations from a "bluebird field" in western Oregon.
1993. Premature fledging -- not a myth. Sialia 15:55-59.
1995. Unusual eggs on an Oregon trail. Siala 17:63-64.
1996. Cross-beaked western bluebirds. Sialia 18:3-4.
A. S. CROMACK, AND L. L. THOMPSON-COWLEY. 1980. Endoparasitism in
western bluebirds of Oregon. Sialia 2:67-71.
AND S. R. ROBINSON. 1984. Violet-green swallows help western bluebirds
at the nest. Journal of Field Ornithology 55:259-261.
S. T. AND H. W. POWER. 1976. Altruism in mountain bluebirds? Science
1997. My experience with paired boxes. Sialia 19:63-64.
ERICKSON, C. J., AND P. G. ZENONE. 1978. Aggressive courtship as a means
of avoiding cuckoldry. Animal Behaviour 26:307-308.
A. J. 1964. Nest site competition between bufflehead, mountain bluebird
and tree swallow. Canadian Field-Naturalist 78:202-203.
AND W. D. MCLAREN. 1972. Sapsucker nest holes and their use by other
species. Canadian Field-Naturalist 86:357-361.
AND _____. 1976. Comparative nesting biology of some hole-nesting birds
in the Caribou Parklands, British Columbia. Wilson Bulletin 88:611-620.
N. G. 1987. Flyways. Northwest Naturalist 41:20-21.
J. 1996. Bluebird bois pour trois. Sialia 18:5-6
K. E. 1978. Oak-pine and oak-hickory forest bird communities and
management options. In Management of Southern Forests for Nongame Birds.
USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SE-14.
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